Cilt , Sayı 26, Sayfalar 135 - 156 2017-06-30

Kolektif Anlatı ve Vatandaşlık Kimliğinin İnşasına Dair Sorular, Cevaplar ve Yeni Sorular
Mémoire collective et identité nationale: questions, réponses et nouvelles questions
Collective Memory and National Identity: Questions, Answers and New Questions

Meral Uğur Çınar [1]

54 109

Bu makale, kolektif hafıza ile ulusal kimlik ilişkine dair literatürü değerlendirmekte ve bu ilişkinin daha belirgin şekilde, çok boyutlu ve karşılaştırmalı olarak çalışılması gerektiğini vurgulamaktadır. Makale, ulus inşa sürecinde kolektif hafızayı devletin ve çeşitli toplulukların etkileşiminden beslenen bir olgu olarak görmektedir. Dolayısıyla, kolektif hafıza ortak toplumsal payda oluşturabildiği gibi siyasal çatışmalarda merkezi rol de oynayabilmektedir. Çalışmada, kolektif hafızanın öngörülemeyen ve işlevselcilikle açıklanamayan yanları, ulus-devlet sınırlarını aşan dinamikleri ve interdisipliner boyutu da ortaya konulmaktadır. Makale kolektif hafızanın ulusal kimlik üzerindeki etkisini sadece vatandaşlık politikaları ve ders kitaplarında ya da anıtlarda değil, aynı zamanda kimliklerin yeniden üretilmesini sağlayacak kurumsal yapıların dizaynında da aramamız gerektiği belirterek bugüne dek kolektif hafızaya gerekli önemi vermemiş literatür gruplarının da ilgisini bu alana çekme amacı taşımaktadır. İletişim teknolojilerindeki dönüşümün kolektif hafıza ve kolektif kimlik arasındaki ilişkiye olan etkisinin yeni çalışmalara alan açtığı gerçeği de makalenin sonucunda tespit edilmektedir. 

Cet article prend pour objet l’état actuel de la littérature sur le lien entre la mémoire collective et l’identité nationale. En soulignant l’interaction entre acteurs étatiques et non étatiques dans la formation et la reproduction de la mémoire collective et de l’identité nationale, l’article montre à la fois le rôle unificateur et divisif de la mémoire collective. En soulignant les conséquences imprévues des mémoires collectives institutionnalisées sur les politiques de la citoyenneté et en montrant comment la dynamique transnationale affecte le lien entre la mémoire collective et l’identité nationale ; l’article fait appel à des nouvelles recherches comparatives, multidimensionnelles, interdisciplinaires et non-fonctionnalistes dans le domaine. En montrant l’effet de la mémoire collective sur le design institutionnel, l’article exhorte également les corps de littérature qui ont jusquelà négligé la mémoire collective à prendre ce phénomène au sérieux dans leurs analyses du design institutionnel. L’article demande également des études qui analysent les implications de l’évolution des technologies de communication pour le lien entre la mémoire collective et les formes d’identité collectives.


The article evaluates the current state of the literature on the collective memory-national identity nexus. Pointing at the interaction between state and non-state actors in the formation and reproduction of collective memory and national identity, the article shows both collective memory’s unifying and divisive role. By pointing at the unintended consequences of institutionalized collective memories on citizenship policies and by showing how transnational dynamics affect the collective memory-national identity link, the article invites further research in the field that is comparative, multifaceted, interdisciplinary and nonfunctionalist. By showing collective memory’s effect on institutional design, the article also urges for bodies of literature that have hitherto neglected collective memory to take this phenomenon seriously in their analyses of institutional design. The article also calls for studies that analyze the implications of changing communicative technologies for the link between collective memory and collective forms of identity. 

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Yazar: Meral Uğur Çınar
E-posta: meral.ugur@bilkent.edu.tr

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { gsuilet324208, journal = {Galatasaray Üniversitesi İleti-ş-im Dergisi}, issn = {1305-2411}, address = {Galatasaray Üniversitesi}, year = {2017}, volume = {}, pages = {135 - 156}, doi = {10.16878/gsuilet.324208}, title = {Kolektif Anlatı ve Vatandaşlık Kimliğinin İnşasına Dair Sorular, Cevaplar ve Yeni Sorular}, language = {tr}, key = {cite}, author = {Uğur Çınar, Meral} } @araştırma makalesi { gsuilet324208, journal = {Galatasaray Üniversitesi İleti-ş-im Dergisi}, issn = {1305-2411}, address = {Galatasaray Üniversitesi}, year = {2017}, volume = {}, pages = {135 - 156}, doi = {10.16878/gsuilet.324208}, title = {Mémoire collective et identité nationale: questions, réponses et nouvelles questions}, language = {fr}, key = {cite}, author = {Uğur Çınar, Meral} } @araştırma makalesi { gsuilet324208, journal = {Galatasaray Üniversitesi İleti-ş-im Dergisi}, issn = {1305-2411}, address = {Galatasaray Üniversitesi}, year = {2017}, volume = {}, pages = {135 - 156}, doi = {10.16878/gsuilet.324208}, title = {Collective Memory and National Identity: Questions, Answers and New Questions}, language = {en}, key = {cite}, author = {Uğur Çınar, Meral} }
APA Uğur Çınar, M . (2017). Kolektif Anlatı ve Vatandaşlık Kimliğinin İnşasına Dair Sorular, Cevaplar ve Yeni Sorular. Galatasaray Üniversitesi İleti-ş-im Dergisi, (26), 135-156. DOI: 10.16878/gsuilet.324208
MLA Uğur Çınar, M . "Kolektif Anlatı ve Vatandaşlık Kimliğinin İnşasına Dair Sorular, Cevaplar ve Yeni Sorular". Galatasaray Üniversitesi İleti-ş-im Dergisi (2017): 135-156 <http://iletisimdergisi.gsu.edu.tr/issue/30011/324208>
Chicago Uğur Çınar, M . "Kolektif Anlatı ve Vatandaşlık Kimliğinin İnşasına Dair Sorular, Cevaplar ve Yeni Sorular". Galatasaray Üniversitesi İleti-ş-im Dergisi (2017): 135-156
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Kolektif Anlatı ve Vatandaşlık Kimliğinin İnşasına Dair Sorular, Cevaplar ve Yeni Sorular AU - Meral Uğur Çınar Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.16878/gsuilet.324208 DO - 10.16878/gsuilet.324208 T2 - Galatasaray Üniversitesi İleti-ş-im Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 135 EP - 156 VL - IS - 26 SN - 1305-2411-2548-124X M3 - doi: 10.16878/gsuilet.324208 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.16878/gsuilet.324208 Y2 - 2017 ER -
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