Yıl 2005, Cilt , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 117 - 138 2005-06-01

Du Droit à la Différence : Archéologie d'un Concept
Du Droit à la Différence : Archéologie d'un Concept
Biliflim Toplumunda ‹nternet Üzerinden Kültürleraras› ‹letiflim ve Kullan›labilirlik: Paradigmalar ve Parametreler

Dr. Michel BOURSE [1] , Kerem RIZVANOĞLU [2]


Parler de la « différence » aujourd'hui c'est tenter de trouver une autre façon de redéfinir la démocratie qui tiendrait compte de la réalité pluriculturelle des sociétés présentes pour élaborer, en pensant autrement les rapports interculturels au sein des sociétés, une nouvelle manière de penser le lien social. Cette nouvelle manière de penser le «contrat social » devrait à la fois préserver l'existence effective de citoyens aux cultures fondamentalement hétérogènes tout en parvenant à intégrer les voix marginales et préserver ainsi leurs rôles actifs au sein de cette société. Cependant, si le "droit à la différence" a été un slogan traditionnel des anti-racistes, il est aujourd'hui totalement "retourné" et mis au service d'une autre thèse, celle de "l'inassimilabilité" de l'étranger, de la hantise du métissage et de la perte d'identité. C'est ainsi, paradoxalement, au nom de ce "droit à la différence" que militent désormais les tenants du racisme et de la xénophobie pour mieux affirmer, par exemple, le renvoi des étrangers et la revendication de "la France aux français": "le complexe identitaire"luia conféré une signification renouvelée. Il nous faut donc repenser la question de "l'acculturation". Cette notion a beaucoup évoluée et renvoie à la notion plus large du "métissage". Il faut ainsi reconnaître que l'acculturation est un phénomène universel et constitutif des cultures.
Yeni bin y›lla birlikte, iletiflim teknolojilerindeki h›zl› geliflim biliflim toplumuna geçifl sürecini hayat›m›z›n önemli bir parças› haline getirmifltir. Özellikle internet, sürekli geliflen etkileflimli yap›s› ve yayg›n kullan›m›yla, co¤rafi olarak birbirinden uzak kullan›c›lar›n birbirleriyle iletiflimine olanak tan›m›fl ve alternatif bir kültürleraras› iletiflim oda¤› olarak öne ç›km›flt›r. ‹nsan ve bilgisayar aras›ndaki etkileflimi daha etkin ve verimli hale getirme çabas›, hedeflenen bu etkin kullan›m› tan›mlamak üzere "kullan›labilirlik" kavram›n› da beraberinde getirmifltir. Ortaya konan kullan›labilirlik ilkeleri, temelde ürün ifllevselli¤inin kullan›c› ihtiyaçlar›n› ne ölçüde karfl›lad›¤›n› ölçmek üzere gelifltirilmifl olup, herhangi bir ba¤lamsal, toplumsal veya kültürel özellikten ba¤›ms›z olarak ele al›nmaktad›r, fakat özellikle internet siteleri gibi etkileflimli grafik arayüzler, uluslaras› kullan›c› kitlelerinin kullan›m›na aç›k oldu¤undan, kültürel ba¤lam› gözard› eden yukar›daki gibi bir yaklafl›m, kültürleraras› iletiflimi mümkünsüz k›lan bir ihmale dönüflebilmektedir. Aksine kullan›labilirlik, toplumsal ve kültürel özelliklere güçlü biçimde ba¤l›d›r, çünkü herhangi bir nesnenin kullan›m›, ayn› zamanda kültürel deneyimin de bir parças› olan toplumsal bir etkinliktir. Bu ba¤lamda kullan›labilirlik, kültürel ve toplumsal boyutuyla da de¤erlendirilmeli ve internet siteleri gibi uluslararas› iletiflime aç›k ortamlar›n tasar›m›nda, belli kültürleraras› parametreler özellikle dikkate al›nmal›d›r. Bu parametreleri saptamak üzere yap›lan akademik araflt›rmalar ve ilgili sektörlerin yürüttü¤ü profesyonel çal›flmalar sonucu, her biri temel parametreler içeren belli paradigmalar ortaya at›lm›flt›r. Bu çal›flmada amaç, benzer paradigmalarla ortaya konan parametreleri, önerdi¤imiz ba¤lam üzerinden detayl› örneklerle ele almak ve internet siteleri üzerinde kültürleraras› kullan›labilirlik ve iletiflime olanak tan›yan arayüzlerin tasar›m› do¤rultusunda ilkeler saptamakt›r.
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Birincil Dil tr
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yazar: Dr. Michel BOURSE

Yazar: Kerem RIZVANOĞLU

Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 1 Haziran 2005

APA Bourse, D , Rızvanoğlu, K . (2005). Biliflim Toplumunda ‹nternet Üzerinden Kültürleraras› ‹letiflim ve Kullan›labilirlik: Paradigmalar ve Parametreler . Galatasaray Üniversitesi İletişim Dergisi , (2) , 117-138 . Retrieved from http://iletisimdergisi.gsu.edu.tr/tr/pub/issue/7377/96581