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Turkish Occidentalism and Representations of Western Women in Turkish Media

Year 2017, Volume , Issue 26, 65 - 82, 30.06.2017
https://doi.org/10.16878/gsuilet.324193

Abstract

Occidentalism” is an umbrella term for various stereotyped images of the West. It is typically gendered, implying views of Western moral standards that are often filtered through a certain perception of Western women. We will look at the particular case of Turkish media representations of Western women from the point of view of occidentalism. Western women are described in positive terms when they choose to marry Turkish men, convert to Islam, and move to Turkey. On the other hand, when these women are described in their Western context, they are often portrayed as morally and sexually confused. We hypothesize that these descriptions of Western women exemplify a Turkish occidentalism, morally othering the West and Western women. While our material may not suffice to say anything about the representativity of these views, it is at least sufficient to confirm and illustrate a hypothesis that such an occidentalism indeed exists in Turkish media.

References

  • Ahıska, M. (2010). Occidentalism in Turkey: Questions of Modernity and National Identity in Turkish Radio Broadcasting. London: Tauris Academic Studies.
  • Ahıska, M. (2003). Occidentalism: The Historical Fantasy of the Modern. The South Atlantic Quarterly 102 (2–3), 351–379.
  • Allison, K. (2013). American Occidentalism and the Agential Muslim Woman. Review of International Studies 39 (3), 665–684.
  • Bilgrami, A. (2006). Occidentalism, the Very Idea: An Essay on Enlightenment and Enchantment. Critical Inquiry 32 (3), 381–411.
  • Brunner, C. (2007). Occidentalism Meets the Female Suicide Bomber: A Critical Reflection on Recent Terrorism Debates; A Review Essay. Signs 32 (4), 957–971.
  • Buruma, I. and Margalit, A. (2004). Occidentalism: The West in the Eyes of Its Enemies. London: Penguin Press.
  • Byerly, C. (2012). The Geography of Women and Media Scholarship. In K. Ross (Ed.), The Handbook of Gender, Sex, and Media (pp. 3–19). Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Charmaz, K. (2000). Grounded theory: objectivist and constructivist methods. In N. Denzin and Y. Lincoln (Eds.), Handbook of Qualitative Research (pp. 509–535). Los Angeles: Sage Publications.
  • Charmaz, K. (2006). Constructing Grounded Theory. London: Sage Publications.
  • Creighton, M. 1995. Imagining the Other in Japanese Advertising Campaigns. In J. Carrier (Ed.), Occidentalism: Images of the West (pp. 135–160). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Duran, B. and Aydın, C. (2013). Competing Occidentalisms of Modern Islamist Thought: Necip Fazıl Kısakürek and Nurettin Topçu on Christianity, the West and Modernity. The Muslim World 103 (4), 479–500.
  • Fişenk, H. (2004). Infidelity in Married Couples as a Subject of the Leading Turkish Cartoon Magazines Between 1938–2003. Master Thesis. Istanbul: Bilkent University.
  • Ilbuğa, E. and Sepetçi, T. (2010). Representations of Foreign Women in the Turkish Media: A Study on Regional Supplements of National Newspapers and Local Newspapers in Antalya. Ileti-ş-im 13, 29–53.
  • Nader, L. (1989). Orientalism, Occidentalism and the Control of Women. Cultural Dynamics 2 (3), 323–355.
  • Said, E. (2003). Orientalism. London: Penguin Modern Classics.
  • Shkreli, E. and Kucukural, O. (2008). Moralist and Nationalist Discourses among High School Students in Turkey. Paper presented at the meeting of the European Educational Research Association’s Emerging Researchers’ Group, Göteborg, Sweden, September 8.
  • Sirman, N. (2004). Kinship, Politics and Love: Honour in Post-Colonial Contexts –The Case of Turkey. In S. Mojab and N. Abdo (Eds.), Violence in the Name of Honour: Theoretical and Political Challenges (pp. 39–56). Istanbul: Bilgi University Press.
  • Venn, C. (2000). Occidentalism: Modernity and Subjectivity. London: Sage Publications.
  • Yeğenoğlu, M. (1998). Colonial Fantasies: Towards a Feminist reading of Orientalism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Occidentalisme turc et représentations des femmes occidentales dans les médias turcs

Year 2017, Volume , Issue 26, 65 - 82, 30.06.2017
https://doi.org/10.16878/gsuilet.324193

Abstract

“L’occidentalisme” est un terme générique pour diverses images stéréotypées de l’Occident. Il est typiquement sexué, impliquant des points de vues sur les normes morales occidentales qui sont souvent filtrées à travers une certaine perception des femmes occidentales. Nous examinerons le cas particulier des représentations média turques des femmes occidentales du point de vue de l’occidentalisme. Les femmes occidentales sont décrites en termes positifs lorsqu’elles choisissent de se marier avec des hommes turcs, de se convertir en Islam et de se déplacer en Turquie. D’autre part, lorsque ces femmes sont décrites dans leur contexte occidental, elles sont souvent représentées comme des individus moralement et sexuellement confus. Nous émettons l’hypothèse que ces descriptions des femmes occidentales illustrent un occidentalisme turc qui a moralement altérisé l’Ouest et les femmes occidentales. Bien que notre matériel ne soit pas suffisant pour dire quelque chose sur la représentativité de ces points de vue, il est au moins suffisant de confirmer et d’illustrer une hypothèse selon laquelle un tel occidentalisme existe bien dans les médias turcs.


References

  • Ahıska, M. (2010). Occidentalism in Turkey: Questions of Modernity and National Identity in Turkish Radio Broadcasting. London: Tauris Academic Studies.
  • Ahıska, M. (2003). Occidentalism: The Historical Fantasy of the Modern. The South Atlantic Quarterly 102 (2–3), 351–379.
  • Allison, K. (2013). American Occidentalism and the Agential Muslim Woman. Review of International Studies 39 (3), 665–684.
  • Bilgrami, A. (2006). Occidentalism, the Very Idea: An Essay on Enlightenment and Enchantment. Critical Inquiry 32 (3), 381–411.
  • Brunner, C. (2007). Occidentalism Meets the Female Suicide Bomber: A Critical Reflection on Recent Terrorism Debates; A Review Essay. Signs 32 (4), 957–971.
  • Buruma, I. and Margalit, A. (2004). Occidentalism: The West in the Eyes of Its Enemies. London: Penguin Press.
  • Byerly, C. (2012). The Geography of Women and Media Scholarship. In K. Ross (Ed.), The Handbook of Gender, Sex, and Media (pp. 3–19). Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Charmaz, K. (2000). Grounded theory: objectivist and constructivist methods. In N. Denzin and Y. Lincoln (Eds.), Handbook of Qualitative Research (pp. 509–535). Los Angeles: Sage Publications.
  • Charmaz, K. (2006). Constructing Grounded Theory. London: Sage Publications.
  • Creighton, M. 1995. Imagining the Other in Japanese Advertising Campaigns. In J. Carrier (Ed.), Occidentalism: Images of the West (pp. 135–160). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Duran, B. and Aydın, C. (2013). Competing Occidentalisms of Modern Islamist Thought: Necip Fazıl Kısakürek and Nurettin Topçu on Christianity, the West and Modernity. The Muslim World 103 (4), 479–500.
  • Fişenk, H. (2004). Infidelity in Married Couples as a Subject of the Leading Turkish Cartoon Magazines Between 1938–2003. Master Thesis. Istanbul: Bilkent University.
  • Ilbuğa, E. and Sepetçi, T. (2010). Representations of Foreign Women in the Turkish Media: A Study on Regional Supplements of National Newspapers and Local Newspapers in Antalya. Ileti-ş-im 13, 29–53.
  • Nader, L. (1989). Orientalism, Occidentalism and the Control of Women. Cultural Dynamics 2 (3), 323–355.
  • Said, E. (2003). Orientalism. London: Penguin Modern Classics.
  • Shkreli, E. and Kucukural, O. (2008). Moralist and Nationalist Discourses among High School Students in Turkey. Paper presented at the meeting of the European Educational Research Association’s Emerging Researchers’ Group, Göteborg, Sweden, September 8.
  • Sirman, N. (2004). Kinship, Politics and Love: Honour in Post-Colonial Contexts –The Case of Turkey. In S. Mojab and N. Abdo (Eds.), Violence in the Name of Honour: Theoretical and Political Challenges (pp. 39–56). Istanbul: Bilgi University Press.
  • Venn, C. (2000). Occidentalism: Modernity and Subjectivity. London: Sage Publications.
  • Yeğenoğlu, M. (1998). Colonial Fantasies: Towards a Feminist reading of Orientalism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Türk Oksidentalizmi ve Türk Medyasında Batılı Kadınların Temsili

Year 2017, Volume , Issue 26, 65 - 82, 30.06.2017
https://doi.org/10.16878/gsuilet.324193

Abstract

“Oksidentalizm”, Batı hakkındaki çeşitli klişeleşmiş imgeler için kullanılan şemsiye bir terimdir. Batılı ahlak standartlarına ilişkin görüşleri, genellikle Batılı kadınlar hakkındaki algı üzerinden oluşturulduğundan tipik olarak cinsiyetlidir. Bu makalede, oksidentalizm bakış açısından Batılı kadınların Türk medyasındaki temsiline bakacağız. Batılı kadınlar Türk erkekleri ile evlenmeyi, Müslüman olmayı ve Türkiye’ye taşınmayı seçtiklerinde olumlu olarak tanımlanmaktadır. Diğer taraftan, bu kadınlar kendi Batılı bağlamlarında tanımlandıkları zaman, genellikle ahlaki ve cinsel açıdan şaşkın ya da aklı karışık olarak resmedilir. Bu makalede Batılı kadınlar hakkındaki bu tanımlamaların, Batıyı ve Batılı kadınları ahlaken ötekileştiren bir Türk oksidentalizmini örneklediği hipotezini geliştirmekteyiz. Araştırma malzememiz bu görüşlerin genellenebilirliği hakkında herhangi bir şey söylemek için yeterli olmayabilirken, en azından bu tür bir oksidentalizmin Türk medyasında var olduğuna dair bir hipotezi doğrulamak ve örneklemek için yeterlidir.

References

  • Ahıska, M. (2010). Occidentalism in Turkey: Questions of Modernity and National Identity in Turkish Radio Broadcasting. London: Tauris Academic Studies.
  • Ahıska, M. (2003). Occidentalism: The Historical Fantasy of the Modern. The South Atlantic Quarterly 102 (2–3), 351–379.
  • Allison, K. (2013). American Occidentalism and the Agential Muslim Woman. Review of International Studies 39 (3), 665–684.
  • Bilgrami, A. (2006). Occidentalism, the Very Idea: An Essay on Enlightenment and Enchantment. Critical Inquiry 32 (3), 381–411.
  • Brunner, C. (2007). Occidentalism Meets the Female Suicide Bomber: A Critical Reflection on Recent Terrorism Debates; A Review Essay. Signs 32 (4), 957–971.
  • Buruma, I. and Margalit, A. (2004). Occidentalism: The West in the Eyes of Its Enemies. London: Penguin Press.
  • Byerly, C. (2012). The Geography of Women and Media Scholarship. In K. Ross (Ed.), The Handbook of Gender, Sex, and Media (pp. 3–19). Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Charmaz, K. (2000). Grounded theory: objectivist and constructivist methods. In N. Denzin and Y. Lincoln (Eds.), Handbook of Qualitative Research (pp. 509–535). Los Angeles: Sage Publications.
  • Charmaz, K. (2006). Constructing Grounded Theory. London: Sage Publications.
  • Creighton, M. 1995. Imagining the Other in Japanese Advertising Campaigns. In J. Carrier (Ed.), Occidentalism: Images of the West (pp. 135–160). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Duran, B. and Aydın, C. (2013). Competing Occidentalisms of Modern Islamist Thought: Necip Fazıl Kısakürek and Nurettin Topçu on Christianity, the West and Modernity. The Muslim World 103 (4), 479–500.
  • Fişenk, H. (2004). Infidelity in Married Couples as a Subject of the Leading Turkish Cartoon Magazines Between 1938–2003. Master Thesis. Istanbul: Bilkent University.
  • Ilbuğa, E. and Sepetçi, T. (2010). Representations of Foreign Women in the Turkish Media: A Study on Regional Supplements of National Newspapers and Local Newspapers in Antalya. Ileti-ş-im 13, 29–53.
  • Nader, L. (1989). Orientalism, Occidentalism and the Control of Women. Cultural Dynamics 2 (3), 323–355.
  • Said, E. (2003). Orientalism. London: Penguin Modern Classics.
  • Shkreli, E. and Kucukural, O. (2008). Moralist and Nationalist Discourses among High School Students in Turkey. Paper presented at the meeting of the European Educational Research Association’s Emerging Researchers’ Group, Göteborg, Sweden, September 8.
  • Sirman, N. (2004). Kinship, Politics and Love: Honour in Post-Colonial Contexts –The Case of Turkey. In S. Mojab and N. Abdo (Eds.), Violence in the Name of Honour: Theoretical and Political Challenges (pp. 39–56). Istanbul: Bilgi University Press.
  • Venn, C. (2000). Occidentalism: Modernity and Subjectivity. London: Sage Publications.
  • Yeğenoğlu, M. (1998). Colonial Fantasies: Towards a Feminist reading of Orientalism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Details

Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Per BAUHN This is me


Fatma Fulya TEPE

Publication Date June 30, 2017
Published in Issue Year 2017, Volume , Issue 26

Cite

APA Bauhn, P. & Tepe, F. F. (2017). Türk Oksidentalizmi ve Türk Medyasında Batılı Kadınların Temsili . Galatasaray Üniversitesi İletişim Dergisi , (26) , 65-82 . DOI: 10.16878/gsuilet.324193

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