Year 2021, Volume , Issue 6, Pages 75 - 106 2021-01-31

“American Association for the Advancement of Science” and “The Royal Society” in the Context of the Science Public Relations and Science Diplomacy Relation: A New Model for Turkey
« Association Américaine pour l'avancement de la Science » et «la Royal Society » dans le contexte de la relation entre les relations publiques scientifiques et la diplomatie scientifique: un nouveau modèle pour la Turquie
Bilim Diplomasisi ve Bilim Halkla İlişkileri Bağlamında “American Association for the Advancement of Science” (AAAS) ve “Royal Society” Örnekleri Üzerinden Türkiye İçin Bir Model Önerisi

Gonca YILDIRIM [1] , Deniz AKBULUT [2]


Advances in information and communication technologies have made science a part of politics and international relations. While international agreements become crucial for the rapid development and spread of science, science has a critical role in solving international problems. The concept of "science diplomacy" that we have encountered in this process, is the establishment of scientific collaborations to make and carry out co-decisions for the solution of international problems. However, "science-public relations" come into play in the execution, spread, and appropriation of these partnerships and studies to all societies. While science diplomacy and science public relations have been deal with together in international academic literature there is little research in this field in Turkey. In the framework of tripartite taxonomy of science diplomacy, this study aims to examine the activities of the world's leading institutions: American Association for the Advancement of Science (USA) and The Royal Society (United Kingdom); and deriving from this examination, to offer a model proposal for Turkey. This research proposes to establish the "Turkey Science Diplomacy Institute" based on the developed model following activities and cooperation.
Les progrès dans les technologies de l'information et de la communication ont fait de la science une partie intégrante de la politique et des relations internationales. Alors que les accords internationaux deviennent importants pour l'avancement et la diffusion rapides de la science ; La science joue un rôle clé dans la résolution des problèmes internationaux. Le concept de « diplomatie scientifique » que nous rencontrons dans ce processus est l'établissement de collaborations scientifiques afin de prendre et de mettre en œuvre des décisions communes pour la solution des problèmes internationaux. Cependant, les « relations publiques de Science » interviennent dans l'exécution, la diffusion et l'appropriation de ces partenariats et études à toutes les sociétés. Malgre la diplomatie scientifique et les relations publiques de Science sont souvent prises ensemble dans le monde, en Turquie etre étudiée dans un domaine moins fréquemment, rend cet article unique. Dans le cadre de la taxonomie tripartite de la diplomatie scientifique, le but de cette étude est d'examiner les activités des principales institutions mondiales: d’AAAS (American Association for the Advancement of Science) et de la Royal Société (The Royal Society) ; et découlant de ce contexte d’offre un modèle pour la Turquie. Dans le cadre des coopérations et activités développés conformément à ce modèle, cette recherche propose d’établir de « l’Institut turc de diplomatie scientifique ».
Bilgi ve iletişim teknolojilerindeki gelişmeler bilimi, politikanın ve uluslararası ilişkilerin bir parçası haline getirmiştir. Bilimin hızla ilerlemesi ve yayılımı için uluslararası anlaşmalar önemli hale gelirken; uluslararası sorunların çözümünde de bilim, anahtar rol oynamaktadır. Bu süreçte karşımıza çıkan “bilim diplomasisi” kavramı da uluslararası sorunların çözümü için ortak kararların alınması ve yürütülmesi adına bilimsel iş birliklerinin kurulmasıdır. Ancak bu ortaklıkların ve çalışmaların yürütülmesi, yayılımı ve tüm toplumlara mal edilmesinde ise “bilim halkla ilişkileri” devreye girmektedir. Uluslararası yazında bilim diplomasisi ve bilim halkla ilişkileri sıklıkla birlikte ele alınırken Türkiye’de henüz az çalışılan bir alan olması bu makaleyi özgün kılmaktadır. Bu çalışmanın amacı, bilim diplomasisinin üçlü taksonomisi çerçevesinde, bu konuda dünyanın önde gelen kurumlarından AAAS (American Association for the Advancement of Science -Amerika Birleşik Devletleri) ve The Royal Society’nin (Birleşik Krallık) faaliyetlerinin incelenmesi ve buradan yola çıkarak Türkiye için bir model önerisi sunmaktadır. Geliştirilen bu modele uygun olarak faaliyet ve iş birlikleri kapsamında Türkiye Bilim Diplomasisi Kurumu kurulması önerilmiştir.
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Primary Language tr
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-7433-0841
Author: Gonca YILDIRIM (Primary Author)
Institution: İstanbul Aydın Üniversitesi
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-0236-525X
Author: Deniz AKBULUT
Institution: İstanbul Aydın Üniversitesi
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : January 31, 2021

APA Yıldırım, G , Akbulut, D . (2021). Bilim Diplomasisi ve Bilim Halkla İlişkileri Bağlamında “American Association for the Advancement of Science” (AAAS) ve “Royal Society” Örnekleri Üzerinden Türkiye İçin Bir Model Önerisi . Galatasaray Üniversitesi İletişim Dergisi , İleti-ş-im Özel Sayı: 6 , 75-106 . DOI: 10.16878/gsuilet.867946