Research Article
PDF EndNote BibTex RIS Cite

Birleşik Krallık Medyasında Siyasi Paralelliğin Etkisini Anlamak: Türkiye’nin AB’ye üyeliği hakkında yazılan haber metinlerine gazetecilerin nasıl baktığıyla ilgili bir durum çalışması

Year 2013, Issue 19, 7 - 22, 24.10.2014

Abstract

Bu çalışma, Türkiye’nin AB’yle ilişkileri hakkında Birleşik Krallık medyasında yayımlanan haberler üzerinde siyasi paralelliğin (political parallelism) etkisini gazetecilerin görüşlerini inceleyerek ortaya koymayı hedeflemektedir. Araştırma karşılıklı görüşme tekniği kullanılarak gerçekleştirilmiştir. Çalışmanın ampirik bölümü Türkiye’nin AB’ye üyeliği konusunda çıkan haberlerle ilgili gazetecilerin görüşlerine ve aynı konuda Britanyalı siyasetçilerin nasıl tavır aldığına odaklanmaktadır. Araştırma örneklemi Britanya medyasında çalışan veya daha önce çalışmış ve Türkiye-AB ilişkileri hakkında haber yayımlamış gazetecileri kapsamaktadır. Elde edilen veriler nitel analiz yöntemleriyle çözümlenmiştir. Ham veriler incelenirken Shoemaker ve Reese’nin (1996) hiyerarşik modelindeki ‘medya çalışanlarından kaynaklanan etkiler’ (individual level) ve ‘kurum dışından gelen etkiler’ (extramedia level) adlı iki basamağın kapsamı içinde kalınmıştır.

References

  • AKSOY S. (2009), "The prospect of Turkey’s EU membership as represented in the British newspapers The Times and The Guardian, 2002-2005", Journal of
  • European Studies, 39 (4), p. 469-506. ANASTASAKIS O. (2004), "Britain: An Ally of Turkey in Europe?" University of
  • Oxford, South East European Studies Programme (SEESP) European Studies Centre, Occasional Paper No. 2/04, [online] Available at: http://www.sant. ox.ac.uk/seesox/anastasakis_publications/britain_turkey2004.pdf [Accessed: 19 August 2011].
  • ANDERSON P. and WEYMOUTH A. (1999), Insulting the Public? The British press and the European Union, New York, NY: Longman.
  • ARCAN H. E. (2012), "Reflections of the Turkey in the Mirror of Orientalism: Orientalist Discourse in the British Press Regarding Turkey’s EU Membership", Sosyoloji Dergisi, issue 24, pp. 119-153.
  • ASH T. (2001), "Is Britain European?" International Affairs, 77 (1), p. 1-13.
  • BAŞTÜRK-AKCA E. and YILMAZTÜRK S. (2006), "Turkish image in the EU media: Turkey’s representation through the 3rd October process", in Communication in the Millennium Symposium Book, Eskişehir: Anadolu Üniversitesi Yayınları, p. 55-65.
  • BLUMLER J. and GUREVITCH M. (1995), Towards a Comparative Framework for Political Communication Research, in Blumler, J. and Gurevitch, M. eds. The Crisis of Public Communication, London: Routledge, p. 59-72.
  • BRYCE D. (2009a), "The generous exclusion of Ottoman-Islamic Europe: British press advocacy of Turkish EU membership", Culture and Religion, 10 (3), p. 297-3
  • BRYCE B. (2009b), Turkey and Western Subjectivity: Orientalist ontology and the occlusion of Ottoman Europe, Ph.D thesis, Glasgow Caledonian University.
  • CHRISTENSEN C. (2006), "God save us from the Islam cliches", British
  • Journalism Review, 17 (1), p. 65-70. GRAY D. (2009), Doing Research in the Real World, 2nd ed. London: Sage.
  • HALLIN D. and MANCINI M. (2004), Comparing Media Systems: Three
  • Models of Media and Politics, New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. HALLIN D. and MANCINI P. (2007), The North Atlantic/Liberal Media Model
  • Countries – Introduction, in Terzis, G. eds. European Media Governance: National and Regional Dimensions, Bristol: Intellect Books, p. 27-32. KOENIG T. et al. (2006), "Media Framings of the Issue of Turkish Accession to the EU", Innovation, 19 (2), p. 149-169.
  • NEGRINE R. (1994), Politics and the Mass Media in Britain, 2nd ed. London: Routledge.
  • NEGRINE R. (2008), "Imagining Turkey", Journalism, 9 (5), p. 624-645.
  • NEGRINE R. et al. (2008), "Turkey and the European Union: An Analysis of How the Press in Four Countries Covered Turkey’s Bid for Accession in 2004", European Journal of Communication, 23 (1), p. 47-68.
  • O’NEILL D. and HARCUP T. (2009), News values and selectivity, in WahlJorgensen, K. and Hanitzsch, T. eds. The Handbook of Journalism Studies. New York, NY: Routledge, p. 161-174.
  • ÖKTEM K. (2005), "British Perceptions on Turkey’s EU Accession Prospects: Euroscepticism and Turcophilia?", Occasional Paper No. 6/05, South East European Studies at Oxford (SEESOX) European Studies Centre. [online] Available at: http://www.sant.ox.ac.uk/seesox/occasionalpapers/oktem2005.pdf [Accessed: 2 March 2011].
  • PAKSOY A. F. (2011), "Deceleration of Turkey’s EU Accession on Media Agenda: A case study on the Guardian coverage between 2003 and 2010", İleti-ş-im, 14, p. 37-54.
  • PAKSOY A. F. (2012), Representation of Turkey’s EU Bid in the British Media, Ph.D thesis. The University of Sheffield.
  • PAPATHANASSOPOULOS S. and NEGRINE R. (2011), European Media: Structures, Policies and Identity, Cambridge: Polity.
  • RICHARDS L. (2005), Handling Qualitative Data: A Practical Guide, London: Sage.
  • SCAMMELL M. and HARROP M. (1997), The Press. In: Butler, D. and Kavanagh, D. eds. The British General Election of 1997, London: Macmillan, p. 156-185.
  • SCHNEEBERGER A. (2009), "Constructing European Identity Through Mediated Difference: A Content Analysis of Turkey’s EU Accession Process in the British Press", PLATFORM: Journal of Media and Communication, 1, p. 83-102.
  • SEYMOUR-URE C. (1974), The Political Impact of Mass Media, London: Constable.
  • SHOEMAKER P. and REESE S. (1996), Mediating the Message: Theories of Influences on Mass Media Content, 2nd ed. New York, NY: Longman.
  • STRAUSS A. and CORBIN J. (1990), Basics of Qualitative Research: Grounded Theory Procedures and Techniques, London: Sage.
  • The Economist (2011), "On the last lap", [online] Available at: http://www. economist.com/node/18805597 [Accessed: 22 August 2011].
  • WIMMEL A. (2009), "Beyond the Bosphorus? Comparing public discourses on
  • Turkey’s EU application in the German, French and British quality press", Journal of Language and Politics, 8 (2), p. 223–243.

Understanding the Influence of Political Parallelism in the British Media: A case study on journalists’ view about how Turkey’s EU bid is covered

Year 2013, Issue 19, 7 - 22, 24.10.2014

Abstract

This study seeks to unveil how the journalists view the influence of political parallelism on the British coverage of Turkey-EU relations. In order to find an answer to this query, the research was conducted by employing an interviewing method. This empirical part of the study focuses on the journalists’ view on the media coverage of the Turkish issue and the British politicians’ approach to the same topic. Therefore, the research sample consists of the journalists who work or had worked for the British media and had published news items about Turkey’s EU bid. The data was analysed by using qualitative analysis techniques and the raw data was evaluated within the limits of individual and extramedia level analyses of Shoemaker and Reese’s (1996) hierarchical model.

References

  • AKSOY S. (2009), "The prospect of Turkey’s EU membership as represented in the British newspapers The Times and The Guardian, 2002-2005", Journal of
  • European Studies, 39 (4), p. 469-506. ANASTASAKIS O. (2004), "Britain: An Ally of Turkey in Europe?" University of
  • Oxford, South East European Studies Programme (SEESP) European Studies Centre, Occasional Paper No. 2/04, [online] Available at: http://www.sant. ox.ac.uk/seesox/anastasakis_publications/britain_turkey2004.pdf [Accessed: 19 August 2011].
  • ANDERSON P. and WEYMOUTH A. (1999), Insulting the Public? The British press and the European Union, New York, NY: Longman.
  • ARCAN H. E. (2012), "Reflections of the Turkey in the Mirror of Orientalism: Orientalist Discourse in the British Press Regarding Turkey’s EU Membership", Sosyoloji Dergisi, issue 24, pp. 119-153.
  • ASH T. (2001), "Is Britain European?" International Affairs, 77 (1), p. 1-13.
  • BAŞTÜRK-AKCA E. and YILMAZTÜRK S. (2006), "Turkish image in the EU media: Turkey’s representation through the 3rd October process", in Communication in the Millennium Symposium Book, Eskişehir: Anadolu Üniversitesi Yayınları, p. 55-65.
  • BLUMLER J. and GUREVITCH M. (1995), Towards a Comparative Framework for Political Communication Research, in Blumler, J. and Gurevitch, M. eds. The Crisis of Public Communication, London: Routledge, p. 59-72.
  • BRYCE D. (2009a), "The generous exclusion of Ottoman-Islamic Europe: British press advocacy of Turkish EU membership", Culture and Religion, 10 (3), p. 297-3
  • BRYCE B. (2009b), Turkey and Western Subjectivity: Orientalist ontology and the occlusion of Ottoman Europe, Ph.D thesis, Glasgow Caledonian University.
  • CHRISTENSEN C. (2006), "God save us from the Islam cliches", British
  • Journalism Review, 17 (1), p. 65-70. GRAY D. (2009), Doing Research in the Real World, 2nd ed. London: Sage.
  • HALLIN D. and MANCINI M. (2004), Comparing Media Systems: Three
  • Models of Media and Politics, New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. HALLIN D. and MANCINI P. (2007), The North Atlantic/Liberal Media Model
  • Countries – Introduction, in Terzis, G. eds. European Media Governance: National and Regional Dimensions, Bristol: Intellect Books, p. 27-32. KOENIG T. et al. (2006), "Media Framings of the Issue of Turkish Accession to the EU", Innovation, 19 (2), p. 149-169.
  • NEGRINE R. (1994), Politics and the Mass Media in Britain, 2nd ed. London: Routledge.
  • NEGRINE R. (2008), "Imagining Turkey", Journalism, 9 (5), p. 624-645.
  • NEGRINE R. et al. (2008), "Turkey and the European Union: An Analysis of How the Press in Four Countries Covered Turkey’s Bid for Accession in 2004", European Journal of Communication, 23 (1), p. 47-68.
  • O’NEILL D. and HARCUP T. (2009), News values and selectivity, in WahlJorgensen, K. and Hanitzsch, T. eds. The Handbook of Journalism Studies. New York, NY: Routledge, p. 161-174.
  • ÖKTEM K. (2005), "British Perceptions on Turkey’s EU Accession Prospects: Euroscepticism and Turcophilia?", Occasional Paper No. 6/05, South East European Studies at Oxford (SEESOX) European Studies Centre. [online] Available at: http://www.sant.ox.ac.uk/seesox/occasionalpapers/oktem2005.pdf [Accessed: 2 March 2011].
  • PAKSOY A. F. (2011), "Deceleration of Turkey’s EU Accession on Media Agenda: A case study on the Guardian coverage between 2003 and 2010", İleti-ş-im, 14, p. 37-54.
  • PAKSOY A. F. (2012), Representation of Turkey’s EU Bid in the British Media, Ph.D thesis. The University of Sheffield.
  • PAPATHANASSOPOULOS S. and NEGRINE R. (2011), European Media: Structures, Policies and Identity, Cambridge: Polity.
  • RICHARDS L. (2005), Handling Qualitative Data: A Practical Guide, London: Sage.
  • SCAMMELL M. and HARROP M. (1997), The Press. In: Butler, D. and Kavanagh, D. eds. The British General Election of 1997, London: Macmillan, p. 156-185.
  • SCHNEEBERGER A. (2009), "Constructing European Identity Through Mediated Difference: A Content Analysis of Turkey’s EU Accession Process in the British Press", PLATFORM: Journal of Media and Communication, 1, p. 83-102.
  • SEYMOUR-URE C. (1974), The Political Impact of Mass Media, London: Constable.
  • SHOEMAKER P. and REESE S. (1996), Mediating the Message: Theories of Influences on Mass Media Content, 2nd ed. New York, NY: Longman.
  • STRAUSS A. and CORBIN J. (1990), Basics of Qualitative Research: Grounded Theory Procedures and Techniques, London: Sage.
  • The Economist (2011), "On the last lap", [online] Available at: http://www. economist.com/node/18805597 [Accessed: 22 August 2011].
  • WIMMEL A. (2009), "Beyond the Bosphorus? Comparing public discourses on
  • Turkey’s EU application in the German, French and British quality press", Journal of Language and Politics, 8 (2), p. 223–243.

Comprendre l’influence du parallélisme politique dans les médias britanniques: Une étude de cas sur le point de vue des journalistes sur comment est couverte la candidature de la Turquie à l’UE

Year 2013, Issue 19, 7 - 22, 24.10.2014

Abstract

Cette étude cherche à comprendre comment les journalistes constatent l’influence du parallélisme politique sur la couverture britannique des relations entre la Turquie et l’UE. Pour ce faire, la recherche se sert d’une méthode d’interview. Cette partie empirique de l’étude se concentre sur le point de vue des journalistes sur la couverture médiatique de la question turque et sur l’approche des politiciens britannique envers le même sujet. C’est pourquoi l’échantillon de recherche se compose des journalistes qui travaillent ou ont travaillé pour les médias britanniques et avaient publié des nouvelles sur la candidature de la Turquie à l’UE. Les données ont été analysées en utilisant des techniques d’analyse qualitative et les données brutes ont été évaluées dans
les limites de l’analyse du niveau individuel et du niveau extramedia du modèle hiérarchique proposé par Shoemaker et Reese (1996).

References

  • AKSOY S. (2009), "The prospect of Turkey’s EU membership as represented in the British newspapers The Times and The Guardian, 2002-2005", Journal of
  • European Studies, 39 (4), p. 469-506. ANASTASAKIS O. (2004), "Britain: An Ally of Turkey in Europe?" University of
  • Oxford, South East European Studies Programme (SEESP) European Studies Centre, Occasional Paper No. 2/04, [online] Available at: http://www.sant. ox.ac.uk/seesox/anastasakis_publications/britain_turkey2004.pdf [Accessed: 19 August 2011].
  • ANDERSON P. and WEYMOUTH A. (1999), Insulting the Public? The British press and the European Union, New York, NY: Longman.
  • ARCAN H. E. (2012), "Reflections of the Turkey in the Mirror of Orientalism: Orientalist Discourse in the British Press Regarding Turkey’s EU Membership", Sosyoloji Dergisi, issue 24, pp. 119-153.
  • ASH T. (2001), "Is Britain European?" International Affairs, 77 (1), p. 1-13.
  • BAŞTÜRK-AKCA E. and YILMAZTÜRK S. (2006), "Turkish image in the EU media: Turkey’s representation through the 3rd October process", in Communication in the Millennium Symposium Book, Eskişehir: Anadolu Üniversitesi Yayınları, p. 55-65.
  • BLUMLER J. and GUREVITCH M. (1995), Towards a Comparative Framework for Political Communication Research, in Blumler, J. and Gurevitch, M. eds. The Crisis of Public Communication, London: Routledge, p. 59-72.
  • BRYCE D. (2009a), "The generous exclusion of Ottoman-Islamic Europe: British press advocacy of Turkish EU membership", Culture and Religion, 10 (3), p. 297-3
  • BRYCE B. (2009b), Turkey and Western Subjectivity: Orientalist ontology and the occlusion of Ottoman Europe, Ph.D thesis, Glasgow Caledonian University.
  • CHRISTENSEN C. (2006), "God save us from the Islam cliches", British
  • Journalism Review, 17 (1), p. 65-70. GRAY D. (2009), Doing Research in the Real World, 2nd ed. London: Sage.
  • HALLIN D. and MANCINI M. (2004), Comparing Media Systems: Three
  • Models of Media and Politics, New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. HALLIN D. and MANCINI P. (2007), The North Atlantic/Liberal Media Model
  • Countries – Introduction, in Terzis, G. eds. European Media Governance: National and Regional Dimensions, Bristol: Intellect Books, p. 27-32. KOENIG T. et al. (2006), "Media Framings of the Issue of Turkish Accession to the EU", Innovation, 19 (2), p. 149-169.
  • NEGRINE R. (1994), Politics and the Mass Media in Britain, 2nd ed. London: Routledge.
  • NEGRINE R. (2008), "Imagining Turkey", Journalism, 9 (5), p. 624-645.
  • NEGRINE R. et al. (2008), "Turkey and the European Union: An Analysis of How the Press in Four Countries Covered Turkey’s Bid for Accession in 2004", European Journal of Communication, 23 (1), p. 47-68.
  • O’NEILL D. and HARCUP T. (2009), News values and selectivity, in WahlJorgensen, K. and Hanitzsch, T. eds. The Handbook of Journalism Studies. New York, NY: Routledge, p. 161-174.
  • ÖKTEM K. (2005), "British Perceptions on Turkey’s EU Accession Prospects: Euroscepticism and Turcophilia?", Occasional Paper No. 6/05, South East European Studies at Oxford (SEESOX) European Studies Centre. [online] Available at: http://www.sant.ox.ac.uk/seesox/occasionalpapers/oktem2005.pdf [Accessed: 2 March 2011].
  • PAKSOY A. F. (2011), "Deceleration of Turkey’s EU Accession on Media Agenda: A case study on the Guardian coverage between 2003 and 2010", İleti-ş-im, 14, p. 37-54.
  • PAKSOY A. F. (2012), Representation of Turkey’s EU Bid in the British Media, Ph.D thesis. The University of Sheffield.
  • PAPATHANASSOPOULOS S. and NEGRINE R. (2011), European Media: Structures, Policies and Identity, Cambridge: Polity.
  • RICHARDS L. (2005), Handling Qualitative Data: A Practical Guide, London: Sage.
  • SCAMMELL M. and HARROP M. (1997), The Press. In: Butler, D. and Kavanagh, D. eds. The British General Election of 1997, London: Macmillan, p. 156-185.
  • SCHNEEBERGER A. (2009), "Constructing European Identity Through Mediated Difference: A Content Analysis of Turkey’s EU Accession Process in the British Press", PLATFORM: Journal of Media and Communication, 1, p. 83-102.
  • SEYMOUR-URE C. (1974), The Political Impact of Mass Media, London: Constable.
  • SHOEMAKER P. and REESE S. (1996), Mediating the Message: Theories of Influences on Mass Media Content, 2nd ed. New York, NY: Longman.
  • STRAUSS A. and CORBIN J. (1990), Basics of Qualitative Research: Grounded Theory Procedures and Techniques, London: Sage.
  • The Economist (2011), "On the last lap", [online] Available at: http://www. economist.com/node/18805597 [Accessed: 22 August 2011].
  • WIMMEL A. (2009), "Beyond the Bosphorus? Comparing public discourses on
  • Turkey’s EU application in the German, French and British quality press", Journal of Language and Politics, 8 (2), p. 223–243.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Dr. Alaaddin Paksoy>

0000-0003-0019-5920

Publication Date October 24, 2014
Published in Issue Year 2013, Volume , Issue 19

Cite

APA Paksoy, D. A. (2014). Understanding the Influence of Political Parallelism in the British Media: A case study on journalists’ view about how Turkey’s EU bid is covered . Galatasaray Üniversitesi İletişim Dergisi , (19) , 7-22 . Retrieved from http://iletisimdergisi.gsu.edu.tr/en/pub/issue/7379/96598

Creative Commons Lisansı