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Représentation des nouvelles technologies : la biotechnologie dans la presse turque

Year 2009, Volume , Issue , 13 - 26, 24.10.2014

Abstract

Le présent travail conduit à une question centrale : comment les médias construisent la compréhension publique des nouvelles technologies ? Cet article a pour objectif d’illustrer la manière dont les médias transforment un savoir scientifique ou technique en un savoir de sens commun. Précisément, en partant de l’exemple de la presse turque, il s’agit de montrer l’organisation des connaissances, des perceptions et des attitudes en ce qui concerne la biotechnologie. Le travail met en place les images fixes, les stéréotypes dont le discours journalistique se sert et la manière dont il les diffuse. Le corpus de travail est fondé sur une analyse de trois journaux quotidiens turcs sur une durée de trois ans. Appliquer une analyse de cadrage (news framing) à l’information de la presse quotidienne a permis d’explorer les modalités de la contribution de l’information médiatique à la compréhension publique des nouveautés scientifiques. De quelle façon les nouvelles concernant les
biotechnologies sont-elles traitées ? Comment la presse turque façonne
les images sur la biotechnologie moderne ? Quel sont les cadres médiatiques communs concernant les biotechnologies ?

Mots-clés : biotechnologie, représentation, presse turque, effet
de cadrage, nouvelles technologies

References

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  • Corner, J. Meaning, genre and context, Cukran, J., Gurevitch, M. (dir.), Mass Médias and Society, Londres, Edward Arnold, 1991.
  • Dunwoody, S., The media and public perceptions of risk: how journalists frame risk stories, in The Social Response to Environmental Risk, in. Brombley, D. W, Segerson K., The Social Response to Environmental Risk: Policy Formulation in an Age of Uncertainty, Springer, 75-100; 1992.
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  • Holliman, R., Media Coverage of Cloning: A Study of Media Content, Production and Reception, Public Understanding of Science, Vol. 13, No. 2, 107-130, 2004.
  • Gamson, W.A., Modigliani, A., ‘Media discourse and public opinion on nuclear power: A constructionist approach.’ American Journal of Sociology. 95: pp.137,1989.
  • Gaskell, G. Bauer, M. W., Biotechnology, 1996-1999: The Years of Controversy, Londres, Science Museum Press, 2001.
  • Gaskell, G., Bauer, M., Durant, J., Allum, N., Worlds apart ? The reception of genetically modified foods in Europe and the US, Science, 285, pp. 384-387, 1999.
  • Gerstle, J., Effets des médias et transformation de l’espace public, Dragan I. (dir.), La Communication du Politique, L’Harmattan, Paris, 1999.
  • Gerstle Jacques. (dir), Les effets d’information en politique. Paris, L’Harmattan, 2001.
  • Gitlin, T., The whole world is watching: Mass Media in the making and unmaking of the New Left, Berkeley, CA, University of California Press, 1980.
  • Goffman, E., Frame Analysis, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1974.
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  • Kitzinger, J., Médias impact on public beliefs about AIDS, in Miller, D. Kitzinger, J., Williams,K., Beharrell, P. (dir.),The Circuit of Mass Communication, Londres, Sage, 1998.
  • Kohring, M., Matthes J., The face(t)s of biotech in the nineties: How the German press framed modern biotechnology, Public Understanding of Science, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 143-154, 2002.
  • Nisbet, M., Lewenstein, B., Biotechnology and the American Media: The Policy Process and the Elite Press, 1970 to 1999, Science Communication; 23; 359, 2002.
  • Sfez, L., La Sante Parfaite, Critique d'une nouvelle utopie, Editions du Seuil, Paris, 1995.
  • Wagner, W., Social representations and beyond: Brute facts, symbolic coping and domesticated worlds. Culture and Psychology, 4, 297-329, 1998.
  • Wagner, W., Korenberger, N., Seifert, F., Collective symbolic coping with new technology: Knowledge, images and public discourse, British Journal of Social Psychology, Vol. 41, no:3, Septembre, pp. 323-343, 2002.

Year 2009, Volume , Issue , 13 - 26, 24.10.2014

Abstract

References

  • Bucchi, M., Mazzolini, R.G., Big science, little news: science coverage in the Italian daily press, 1946-1997, Public Understanding of Science, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp.7-24, 2003.
  • Christidou, V., Dimopoulos, K., Koulaidis, V., Constructing social representations of science and technology: the role of metaphors in the press and the popular scientific magazines, Public Understanding of Science, 13; 347, 2004.
  • Corner, J. Meaning, genre and context, Cukran, J., Gurevitch, M. (dir.), Mass Médias and Society, Londres, Edward Arnold, 1991.
  • Dunwoody, S., The media and public perceptions of risk: how journalists frame risk stories, in The Social Response to Environmental Risk, in. Brombley, D. W, Segerson K., The Social Response to Environmental Risk: Policy Formulation in an Age of Uncertainty, Springer, 75-100; 1992.
  • Ellul, J., L’illusion politique: essai, Paris, R.Laffont, 1964.
  • Holliman, R., Media Coverage of Cloning: A Study of Media Content, Production and Reception, Public Understanding of Science, Vol. 13, No. 2, 107-130, 2004.
  • Gamson, W.A., Modigliani, A., ‘Media discourse and public opinion on nuclear power: A constructionist approach.’ American Journal of Sociology. 95: pp.137,1989.
  • Gaskell, G. Bauer, M. W., Biotechnology, 1996-1999: The Years of Controversy, Londres, Science Museum Press, 2001.
  • Gaskell, G., Bauer, M., Durant, J., Allum, N., Worlds apart ? The reception of genetically modified foods in Europe and the US, Science, 285, pp. 384-387, 1999.
  • Gerstle, J., Effets des médias et transformation de l’espace public, Dragan I. (dir.), La Communication du Politique, L’Harmattan, Paris, 1999.
  • Gerstle Jacques. (dir), Les effets d’information en politique. Paris, L’Harmattan, 2001.
  • Gitlin, T., The whole world is watching: Mass Media in the making and unmaking of the New Left, Berkeley, CA, University of California Press, 1980.
  • Goffman, E., Frame Analysis, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1974.
  • Goffman E., Frame Analysis: An essay on the organization of experience, Harper&Row, New York, 1974.
  • Kitzinger, J., Médias impact on public beliefs about AIDS, in Miller, D. Kitzinger, J., Williams,K., Beharrell, P. (dir.),The Circuit of Mass Communication, Londres, Sage, 1998.
  • Kohring, M., Matthes J., The face(t)s of biotech in the nineties: How the German press framed modern biotechnology, Public Understanding of Science, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 143-154, 2002.
  • Nisbet, M., Lewenstein, B., Biotechnology and the American Media: The Policy Process and the Elite Press, 1970 to 1999, Science Communication; 23; 359, 2002.
  • Sfez, L., La Sante Parfaite, Critique d'une nouvelle utopie, Editions du Seuil, Paris, 1995.
  • Wagner, W., Social representations and beyond: Brute facts, symbolic coping and domesticated worlds. Culture and Psychology, 4, 297-329, 1998.
  • Wagner, W., Korenberger, N., Seifert, F., Collective symbolic coping with new technology: Knowledge, images and public discourse, British Journal of Social Psychology, Vol. 41, no:3, Septembre, pp. 323-343, 2002.

Details

Primary Language French
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Nazlı ÜLBAY AYTUNA This is me

Publication Date October 24, 2014
Published in Issue Year 2009, Volume , Issue

Cite

APA Ülbay Aytuna, N. (2014). Représentation des nouvelles technologies : la biotechnologie dans la presse turque . Galatasaray Üniversitesi İletişim Dergisi , ÖZEL SAYI: 1 (REPRESENTATIONS SOCIALES ET COMMUNICATION) , 13-26 . Retrieved from http://iletisimdergisi.gsu.edu.tr/en/pub/issue/7381/96621

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