Research Article
PDF Mendeley EndNote BibTex Cite

Digital Culture, New Media and The Transformation of Collective Memory

Year 2014, Volume , Issue 21, 9 - 29, 08.12.2014
https://doi.org/10.16878/gsuilet.96673

Abstract

Along with the advent of digital technologies, modern and “semimodern” societies met a new phase of temporality. Speed, mobility and globality epitomise the fundamental characteristics of this process. New media, as a form of communication that consist of “digitality, interactivity and hypertextuality”, enable the genesis of a new memory culture in which audiences act as memory “prosumers”. Yet it is dubious whether this new era will lead to a “memory boom” or a “digital amnesia” when one takes into account the material restrictions of digital platforms, like their lifespan. This article aims to discuss the possibilities/impossibilities of the digital communication and understand its contributions to the construction of collective memory.

References

  • AHISKA Meltem (2003), “Occidentalism. The Historical Fantasy of the Modern”, The South Atlantic Quarterly 102 (2/3): 351-380.
  • AITCHISON Jean, LEWIS Diana (Ed.) (2006), New Media Language, London, NY, Routledge.
  • ASSMANN Jan (2001), Kültürel Bellek: Eski Yüksek Kültürlerde Yazı, Hatırlama ve Politik Kimlik, İstanbul, Ayrıntı.
  • ATABAKI Touraj, ZUCHER Erik Jan (2012), Türkiye ve İran’da Otoriter
  • Modernleşme: Atatürk ve Rıza Şah Dönemleri, İstanbul, Bilgi Üniversitesi Yayınları. CASTELLS Manuel (2004), “Informationalism, Networks and the Network
  • Society: A Theoretical Blueprint”, Manuel Castells (Ed.) The Network Society, A Cross-cultural Perspective, Edward Elgar Publishing. CASTELLS Manuel (2010), The Rise of the Network Society, Wiley Blackwell Publishing.
  • CANDAU Joel (1998), Mémoire et Identité, Paris, Presses Universtaires de France.
  • CURRAN James, FENTON Natalie, FREEDMAN Des (2012), Misunderstanding the Internet, New York, Routledge.
  • DIJCK José Van (2007), Mediated Memories in the Digital Age, Stanford University Press.
  • DIJK Jan Van (2012), The Network Society, London, Sage Publications.
  • DONK Andre (2009), “The Digitization of Memory: Blessing or Curse?”, Media in Transition Conference “MIT6: Stone and Papyrus, Storage and Transmission”, April 24-26, 2009, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston.
  • DOUEIHI Milad (2011), Digital Cultures, Harvard University Press.
  • ERLL Astrid (2012), “Remembering Across Time, Space and Cultures: Premediation, Remediation and the ‘Indian Mutiny’”, Astrid Erll-Ann Rigney (Eds.), Mediation, Remediation and the Dynamics of Cultural Memory, Walter De Gruyter.
  • ERNST Wolfgang (2013), Digital Memory and the Archive, University of Minnesota Press.
  • GARDE-HANSEN Joanne, HOSKINS Andrew, READING Anne (Eds.) (2009), Save As: Digital Memories, Palgrave MacMillan.
  • GARDE-HANSEN Joanne (2011), Media and Memory, Edinburgh University Press.
  • GITLIN Todd (2011) “Nomadicity”, Mark Bauerlin (Ed.), The Digital Divide, Penguin Books.
  • HALBWACHS Maurice (1992) On Collective Memory, trans. Lewis A, Coser, Chicago, University of Chicago Press.
  • KEIGHTLEY Emily (2012), “Conclusion: Making Time- The Social Temporalities of Mediated Experience”, Emily Keigthley (Ed.), Time, Media and Modernity, London, Palgrave MacMillan.
  • HALL Stuart (1992), “The West and the Rest”, Stuart Hall, Bram Gieben (Ed.), Formations of Modernity, Polity Press.
  • HARVEY David (1992), The Condition of Postmodernity, An Enquiry Into The Origins of Cultural Change, Blackwell Publishers.
  • HEWISON Robert (1987), The Heritage Industry: Britain in a Climate of Decline, London, Methuen.
  • HOBSBAWM Eric and RANGER Terence (Eds.) (1992), The Invention of
  • Tradition, Cambridge University Press. HUYSSEN Andreas (1995), Twilight Memories: Marking Time in a Culture of Amnesia, Routledge.
  • HUYSSEN Andreas (2003), Present Pasts, Urban Palimpsests and the Politics of Memory, Stanford University Press.
  • KEEN Andrew (2012), Digital Vertigo, New York, St Martin’s Press.
  • LANDSBERG Allison (2004), Prosthetic Memory: The Transformation of
  • American Remembrance in the Age of Mass Culture, Columbia University Press. LISTER Martin, DOVEY Jon, GIDDINGS Seth, GRANT Iain, KELLY Kieran (Ed.) (2009), New Media: A Critical Introduction, 2nd Edition, London, Routledge.
  • LOGAN Robert K. (2010), Understanding New Media, Extending Marshall
  • McLuhan, Peter Lang Publishing. MANOVICH Lev (2001), The Language of New Media, London, The MIT Press.
  • MOROZOV Evgeny (2011), The Net Delusion, New York, Public Affairs.
  • NORA Pierre (1996), Realms of Memory: The Construction of the French
  • Past, Vol:1, Columbia University Press. PINCHEVSKI Amit (2009) and FROSH Paul, “Introduction: Why Media
  • Witnessing? Why Now?”, Paul Frosh and Amit Pinchevski (Ed.), Media Witnessing: Testimony in the Age of Mass Communication, New York, Palgrave MacMillan. PRATT Marie Louise (1987), “Linguistic Utopias”, Nigel Fabb et. al (Ed.), The Linguistics of Writing, Manchaster, Manchester University Press.
  • PRATT Marie Louise (2007), Imperial Eyes: Travel Writing and Transculturation, 2nd Edition, New York, Routledge.
  • READING Anne (2011), “Memory and Digital Media: Six Dynamics of the Globital Memory Field”, Motti Neiger, Oren Meyers, Eyal Zandberg (Ed.), On
  • Media Memory: Collective Memory in a New Media Age, London, Palgrave MacMillan. READING Anne (2012), “Globital Time: Time in the Digital Globalised Age”, Emily
  • Keightley (Ed.) Time, Media and Modernity, London, Palgrave MacMillan. SCHÖNBERGER-MAYER Viktor (2009), Delete: The Virtue of Forgetting in the Digital Age, Oxford, Princeton University Press.
  • SHAYEGAN Daryush (1997), Cultural Schizophrenia: Islamic Societies
  • Confronting the West, Syracuse University Press. STURKEN Marita (2007), Tourists of History: Memory, Kitsch and Consumerism from Oklahoma City to Ground Zero, Durham, NC, Duke University Press.
  • THOMAS Günter (2009), “ Witness As a Cultural Form of Communication: Historical Roots, Structural Dynamics And Current Appearances”, Paul Frosh and Amit Pinchevski (Eds) , Media Witnessing: Testimony in the Age of Mass Communication, New York, Palgrave MacMillan.
  • THUMIM Nancy (2012), Self-Representation and Digital Culture, Palgrave MacMillan.
  • TOMLINSON John (2007), The Culture of Speed, The Coming of Immediacy, Sage Publications.
  • VIRILIO Paul (2005), The Information Bomb, Trans. by: Chris Turner, London, Verso.
  • WILSON Shaun (2009), “Remixing Memory in Digital Media”, Joanne GardeHansen et. al (Eds.), Save As: Digital Memories, Palgrave MacMillan.
  • ZELIZER Barbie (1998), Remembering to Forget: Holocaust Memory through the Camera’s Eye, Chicago, Chicago University Press.

Dijital Kültür, Yeni Medya ve Toplumsal Hafızanın Dönüşümü

Year 2014, Volume , Issue 21, 9 - 29, 08.12.2014
https://doi.org/10.16878/gsuilet.96673

Abstract

Dijital teknolojilerin ortaya çıkışı ile birlikte, modern ve yarı-modern
toplumlar, hız, akışkanlık ve küreselliğin temel karakteristikler olarak sayılabileceği,
yeni bir zamansallık biçimi ile tanıştı. Dijitallik, interaktivite ve hipermetinsellik
sağlayabilen yeni medya, izleyicinin aynı anda hem üretici hem tüketici (prosumer)
olarak varolabildiği yeni bir hafıza kültürünün doğuşunu sağladı. Ancak dijital
teknolojinin kısıtlılıkları düşünüldüğünde, bu sürecin bir “hafıza patlaması”na ya
da “dijital amnezi”ye dönüşeceğini söyleyebilmek mümkün görünmemektedir.
Bu makalenin amacı toplumsal hafızanın inşasında, dijital iletişimin imkân ve
imkânsızlıklarını tartışmaktır. 

References

  • AHISKA Meltem (2003), “Occidentalism. The Historical Fantasy of the Modern”, The South Atlantic Quarterly 102 (2/3): 351-380.
  • AITCHISON Jean, LEWIS Diana (Ed.) (2006), New Media Language, London, NY, Routledge.
  • ASSMANN Jan (2001), Kültürel Bellek: Eski Yüksek Kültürlerde Yazı, Hatırlama ve Politik Kimlik, İstanbul, Ayrıntı.
  • ATABAKI Touraj, ZUCHER Erik Jan (2012), Türkiye ve İran’da Otoriter
  • Modernleşme: Atatürk ve Rıza Şah Dönemleri, İstanbul, Bilgi Üniversitesi Yayınları. CASTELLS Manuel (2004), “Informationalism, Networks and the Network
  • Society: A Theoretical Blueprint”, Manuel Castells (Ed.) The Network Society, A Cross-cultural Perspective, Edward Elgar Publishing. CASTELLS Manuel (2010), The Rise of the Network Society, Wiley Blackwell Publishing.
  • CANDAU Joel (1998), Mémoire et Identité, Paris, Presses Universtaires de France.
  • CURRAN James, FENTON Natalie, FREEDMAN Des (2012), Misunderstanding the Internet, New York, Routledge.
  • DIJCK José Van (2007), Mediated Memories in the Digital Age, Stanford University Press.
  • DIJK Jan Van (2012), The Network Society, London, Sage Publications.
  • DONK Andre (2009), “The Digitization of Memory: Blessing or Curse?”, Media in Transition Conference “MIT6: Stone and Papyrus, Storage and Transmission”, April 24-26, 2009, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston.
  • DOUEIHI Milad (2011), Digital Cultures, Harvard University Press.
  • ERLL Astrid (2012), “Remembering Across Time, Space and Cultures: Premediation, Remediation and the ‘Indian Mutiny’”, Astrid Erll-Ann Rigney (Eds.), Mediation, Remediation and the Dynamics of Cultural Memory, Walter De Gruyter.
  • ERNST Wolfgang (2013), Digital Memory and the Archive, University of Minnesota Press.
  • GARDE-HANSEN Joanne, HOSKINS Andrew, READING Anne (Eds.) (2009), Save As: Digital Memories, Palgrave MacMillan.
  • GARDE-HANSEN Joanne (2011), Media and Memory, Edinburgh University Press.
  • GITLIN Todd (2011) “Nomadicity”, Mark Bauerlin (Ed.), The Digital Divide, Penguin Books.
  • HALBWACHS Maurice (1992) On Collective Memory, trans. Lewis A, Coser, Chicago, University of Chicago Press.
  • KEIGHTLEY Emily (2012), “Conclusion: Making Time- The Social Temporalities of Mediated Experience”, Emily Keigthley (Ed.), Time, Media and Modernity, London, Palgrave MacMillan.
  • HALL Stuart (1992), “The West and the Rest”, Stuart Hall, Bram Gieben (Ed.), Formations of Modernity, Polity Press.
  • HARVEY David (1992), The Condition of Postmodernity, An Enquiry Into The Origins of Cultural Change, Blackwell Publishers.
  • HEWISON Robert (1987), The Heritage Industry: Britain in a Climate of Decline, London, Methuen.
  • HOBSBAWM Eric and RANGER Terence (Eds.) (1992), The Invention of
  • Tradition, Cambridge University Press. HUYSSEN Andreas (1995), Twilight Memories: Marking Time in a Culture of Amnesia, Routledge.
  • HUYSSEN Andreas (2003), Present Pasts, Urban Palimpsests and the Politics of Memory, Stanford University Press.
  • KEEN Andrew (2012), Digital Vertigo, New York, St Martin’s Press.
  • LANDSBERG Allison (2004), Prosthetic Memory: The Transformation of
  • American Remembrance in the Age of Mass Culture, Columbia University Press. LISTER Martin, DOVEY Jon, GIDDINGS Seth, GRANT Iain, KELLY Kieran (Ed.) (2009), New Media: A Critical Introduction, 2nd Edition, London, Routledge.
  • LOGAN Robert K. (2010), Understanding New Media, Extending Marshall
  • McLuhan, Peter Lang Publishing. MANOVICH Lev (2001), The Language of New Media, London, The MIT Press.
  • MOROZOV Evgeny (2011), The Net Delusion, New York, Public Affairs.
  • NORA Pierre (1996), Realms of Memory: The Construction of the French
  • Past, Vol:1, Columbia University Press. PINCHEVSKI Amit (2009) and FROSH Paul, “Introduction: Why Media
  • Witnessing? Why Now?”, Paul Frosh and Amit Pinchevski (Ed.), Media Witnessing: Testimony in the Age of Mass Communication, New York, Palgrave MacMillan. PRATT Marie Louise (1987), “Linguistic Utopias”, Nigel Fabb et. al (Ed.), The Linguistics of Writing, Manchaster, Manchester University Press.
  • PRATT Marie Louise (2007), Imperial Eyes: Travel Writing and Transculturation, 2nd Edition, New York, Routledge.
  • READING Anne (2011), “Memory and Digital Media: Six Dynamics of the Globital Memory Field”, Motti Neiger, Oren Meyers, Eyal Zandberg (Ed.), On
  • Media Memory: Collective Memory in a New Media Age, London, Palgrave MacMillan. READING Anne (2012), “Globital Time: Time in the Digital Globalised Age”, Emily
  • Keightley (Ed.) Time, Media and Modernity, London, Palgrave MacMillan. SCHÖNBERGER-MAYER Viktor (2009), Delete: The Virtue of Forgetting in the Digital Age, Oxford, Princeton University Press.
  • SHAYEGAN Daryush (1997), Cultural Schizophrenia: Islamic Societies
  • Confronting the West, Syracuse University Press. STURKEN Marita (2007), Tourists of History: Memory, Kitsch and Consumerism from Oklahoma City to Ground Zero, Durham, NC, Duke University Press.
  • THOMAS Günter (2009), “ Witness As a Cultural Form of Communication: Historical Roots, Structural Dynamics And Current Appearances”, Paul Frosh and Amit Pinchevski (Eds) , Media Witnessing: Testimony in the Age of Mass Communication, New York, Palgrave MacMillan.
  • THUMIM Nancy (2012), Self-Representation and Digital Culture, Palgrave MacMillan.
  • TOMLINSON John (2007), The Culture of Speed, The Coming of Immediacy, Sage Publications.
  • VIRILIO Paul (2005), The Information Bomb, Trans. by: Chris Turner, London, Verso.
  • WILSON Shaun (2009), “Remixing Memory in Digital Media”, Joanne GardeHansen et. al (Eds.), Save As: Digital Memories, Palgrave MacMillan.
  • ZELIZER Barbie (1998), Remembering to Forget: Holocaust Memory through the Camera’s Eye, Chicago, Chicago University Press.

Culture digitale, nouveaux médias et la transformation de la mémoire collective

Year 2014, Volume , Issue 21, 9 - 29, 08.12.2014
https://doi.org/10.16878/gsuilet.96673

Abstract

Avec l’apparition des technologies digitales, les sociétés modernes et
semi modernes ont commencé à reconnaître une nouvelle forme de temporalité
dont les caractéristiques principales sont la mobilité et la globalisation. Les
nouveaux médias qui permettent la digitalité, l’interaction et l’hyper textualité ont
conduit à une nouvelle culture de mémoire dans laquelle le spectateur pourrait
exister à la fois comme producteur et comsommateur (prosumer). Pourtant,
en considérant la limite des téchnologies digitales, cela ne paraît pas possible
d’affirmer que ce procès causera “une explosion de mémoire” ou “une amnésie
digitale”. Le but de cet article est de discuter des possibilités et impossibilités
de la communication digitale dans la construction de la mémoire collective.

References

  • AHISKA Meltem (2003), “Occidentalism. The Historical Fantasy of the Modern”, The South Atlantic Quarterly 102 (2/3): 351-380.
  • AITCHISON Jean, LEWIS Diana (Ed.) (2006), New Media Language, London, NY, Routledge.
  • ASSMANN Jan (2001), Kültürel Bellek: Eski Yüksek Kültürlerde Yazı, Hatırlama ve Politik Kimlik, İstanbul, Ayrıntı.
  • ATABAKI Touraj, ZUCHER Erik Jan (2012), Türkiye ve İran’da Otoriter
  • Modernleşme: Atatürk ve Rıza Şah Dönemleri, İstanbul, Bilgi Üniversitesi Yayınları. CASTELLS Manuel (2004), “Informationalism, Networks and the Network
  • Society: A Theoretical Blueprint”, Manuel Castells (Ed.) The Network Society, A Cross-cultural Perspective, Edward Elgar Publishing. CASTELLS Manuel (2010), The Rise of the Network Society, Wiley Blackwell Publishing.
  • CANDAU Joel (1998), Mémoire et Identité, Paris, Presses Universtaires de France.
  • CURRAN James, FENTON Natalie, FREEDMAN Des (2012), Misunderstanding the Internet, New York, Routledge.
  • DIJCK José Van (2007), Mediated Memories in the Digital Age, Stanford University Press.
  • DIJK Jan Van (2012), The Network Society, London, Sage Publications.
  • DONK Andre (2009), “The Digitization of Memory: Blessing or Curse?”, Media in Transition Conference “MIT6: Stone and Papyrus, Storage and Transmission”, April 24-26, 2009, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston.
  • DOUEIHI Milad (2011), Digital Cultures, Harvard University Press.
  • ERLL Astrid (2012), “Remembering Across Time, Space and Cultures: Premediation, Remediation and the ‘Indian Mutiny’”, Astrid Erll-Ann Rigney (Eds.), Mediation, Remediation and the Dynamics of Cultural Memory, Walter De Gruyter.
  • ERNST Wolfgang (2013), Digital Memory and the Archive, University of Minnesota Press.
  • GARDE-HANSEN Joanne, HOSKINS Andrew, READING Anne (Eds.) (2009), Save As: Digital Memories, Palgrave MacMillan.
  • GARDE-HANSEN Joanne (2011), Media and Memory, Edinburgh University Press.
  • GITLIN Todd (2011) “Nomadicity”, Mark Bauerlin (Ed.), The Digital Divide, Penguin Books.
  • HALBWACHS Maurice (1992) On Collective Memory, trans. Lewis A, Coser, Chicago, University of Chicago Press.
  • KEIGHTLEY Emily (2012), “Conclusion: Making Time- The Social Temporalities of Mediated Experience”, Emily Keigthley (Ed.), Time, Media and Modernity, London, Palgrave MacMillan.
  • HALL Stuart (1992), “The West and the Rest”, Stuart Hall, Bram Gieben (Ed.), Formations of Modernity, Polity Press.
  • HARVEY David (1992), The Condition of Postmodernity, An Enquiry Into The Origins of Cultural Change, Blackwell Publishers.
  • HEWISON Robert (1987), The Heritage Industry: Britain in a Climate of Decline, London, Methuen.
  • HOBSBAWM Eric and RANGER Terence (Eds.) (1992), The Invention of
  • Tradition, Cambridge University Press. HUYSSEN Andreas (1995), Twilight Memories: Marking Time in a Culture of Amnesia, Routledge.
  • HUYSSEN Andreas (2003), Present Pasts, Urban Palimpsests and the Politics of Memory, Stanford University Press.
  • KEEN Andrew (2012), Digital Vertigo, New York, St Martin’s Press.
  • LANDSBERG Allison (2004), Prosthetic Memory: The Transformation of
  • American Remembrance in the Age of Mass Culture, Columbia University Press. LISTER Martin, DOVEY Jon, GIDDINGS Seth, GRANT Iain, KELLY Kieran (Ed.) (2009), New Media: A Critical Introduction, 2nd Edition, London, Routledge.
  • LOGAN Robert K. (2010), Understanding New Media, Extending Marshall
  • McLuhan, Peter Lang Publishing. MANOVICH Lev (2001), The Language of New Media, London, The MIT Press.
  • MOROZOV Evgeny (2011), The Net Delusion, New York, Public Affairs.
  • NORA Pierre (1996), Realms of Memory: The Construction of the French
  • Past, Vol:1, Columbia University Press. PINCHEVSKI Amit (2009) and FROSH Paul, “Introduction: Why Media
  • Witnessing? Why Now?”, Paul Frosh and Amit Pinchevski (Ed.), Media Witnessing: Testimony in the Age of Mass Communication, New York, Palgrave MacMillan. PRATT Marie Louise (1987), “Linguistic Utopias”, Nigel Fabb et. al (Ed.), The Linguistics of Writing, Manchaster, Manchester University Press.
  • PRATT Marie Louise (2007), Imperial Eyes: Travel Writing and Transculturation, 2nd Edition, New York, Routledge.
  • READING Anne (2011), “Memory and Digital Media: Six Dynamics of the Globital Memory Field”, Motti Neiger, Oren Meyers, Eyal Zandberg (Ed.), On
  • Media Memory: Collective Memory in a New Media Age, London, Palgrave MacMillan. READING Anne (2012), “Globital Time: Time in the Digital Globalised Age”, Emily
  • Keightley (Ed.) Time, Media and Modernity, London, Palgrave MacMillan. SCHÖNBERGER-MAYER Viktor (2009), Delete: The Virtue of Forgetting in the Digital Age, Oxford, Princeton University Press.
  • SHAYEGAN Daryush (1997), Cultural Schizophrenia: Islamic Societies
  • Confronting the West, Syracuse University Press. STURKEN Marita (2007), Tourists of History: Memory, Kitsch and Consumerism from Oklahoma City to Ground Zero, Durham, NC, Duke University Press.
  • THOMAS Günter (2009), “ Witness As a Cultural Form of Communication: Historical Roots, Structural Dynamics And Current Appearances”, Paul Frosh and Amit Pinchevski (Eds) , Media Witnessing: Testimony in the Age of Mass Communication, New York, Palgrave MacMillan.
  • THUMIM Nancy (2012), Self-Representation and Digital Culture, Palgrave MacMillan.
  • TOMLINSON John (2007), The Culture of Speed, The Coming of Immediacy, Sage Publications.
  • VIRILIO Paul (2005), The Information Bomb, Trans. by: Chris Turner, London, Verso.
  • WILSON Shaun (2009), “Remixing Memory in Digital Media”, Joanne GardeHansen et. al (Eds.), Save As: Digital Memories, Palgrave MacMillan.
  • ZELIZER Barbie (1998), Remembering to Forget: Holocaust Memory through the Camera’s Eye, Chicago, Chicago University Press.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Gökçen BAŞARAN İNCE This is me

Publication Date December 8, 2014
Published in Issue Year 2014, Volume , Issue 21

Cite

APA Başaran İnce, G. (2014). Digital Culture, New Media and The Transformation of Collective Memory . Galatasaray Üniversitesi İletişim Dergisi , (21) , 9-29 . DOI: 10.16878/gsuilet.96673

Creative Commons Lisansı