Yıl 2020, Cilt , Sayı 33, Sayfalar 5 - 31 2020-12-30

Source des nouvelles en ligne : le journalisme du copié-collé dans les sites d’information en turc
Source of Online News: Copy-paste Journalism in Turkish Online News Websites
Çevrimiçi Haberin Kaynağı: Türkçe Haber Sitelerinde Kopyala-Yapıştır Habercilik

Duygu TEMEL [1]


L’objectif de l’étude est de démontrer empiriquement l’homogénéisation du contenu des sites d’information en langue turc et de discuter les raisons de cette situation. Pour ce faire, il a été recherché dans quelle mesure ces sites produisent des nouvelles originales et dans quelle mesure ils sont dépendants des sources externes. Les données ont été obtenues par l’analyse du contenu, réalisée sur 1835 nouvelles recueillies à partir des pages d’accueil des dix sites, entre le 19 mars et le 6 mai, de sorte de former une semaine de manière composite. L’antériorité temporelle et la similarité/structure textuelle furent des critères d’identification des sources originelles. Le résultat de l’étude fut que la production des nouvelles originales est extrêmement limitée dans les sites analysés, le 91,11% des nouvelles étant des copies, à des divers degrés, des nouvelles publiées ailleurs. Cela montre surtout la domination des agences de presse dans le processus de production des nouvelles.
The aim of the study is to empirically demonstrate the homogenization of the content of Turkish language news sites and to discuss the reasons of this situation. To do this, it was researched to what extent these sites produce original news and to what extent they are dependent on external sources. The data was obtained by content analysis, carried out on 1,835 news items collected from the home pages of the ten sites, between March 19 and May 6, to form a week. The temporal anteriority and the textual similarity/structure were criteria of identification of the original sources. The result of the study was that production of original news is extremely limited at the sites analyzed, with 91.11% of news being copies, to varying degrees, of news published elsewhere. This shows above all the dominance of news agencies in the news production process.
Çalışma, Türkçe haber sitelerinin ne ölçüde özgün haber üretimi gerçekleştirdiği ve haber üretiminde haber ajansları gibi kurum dışı kaynaklara ne oranda bağımlı olduğunu tespit ederek kopya içeriği ampirik olarak ortaya koymayı ve bu durumun nedenlerini tartışmayı amaçlamaktadır. Araştırmanın verileri içerik analizi yöntemiyle elde edilmiştir. İçerik analizi, on Türkçe internet haber sitesinin ana sayfalarından 19 Mart ve 6 Mayıs 2018 tarihleri arasındaki dönemde bir kompozit hafta boyunca toplanan 1835 haber üzerinde gerçekleştirilmiştir. Haberlerin kaynakları, zamansal öncelik ve metin benzerliği/yapısı gibi araştırma kapsamında belirlenen kriterler çerçevesinde tespit edilmiştir. Araştırma neticesinde Türkçe haber sitelerinde özgün haber üretiminin son derece kısıtlı olduğu ve haberlerin tamamına yakınının (%91,11) daha önce başka sitelerde yayımlanmış haberlerin çeşitli derecelerdeki kopyaları olduğu ortaya konulmuştur. Bulgular, haber üretim sürecinde özellikle haber ajanslarının hâkimiyetini ortaya koyarken araştırmanın sonuçları bu yönden önceki çalışmalarla benzerlik göstermektedir.
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Orcid: 0000-0002-4504-0474
Yazar: Duygu TEMEL (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: GALATASARAY ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 30 Aralık 2020

APA Temel, D . (2020). Çevrimiçi Haberin Kaynağı: Türkçe Haber Sitelerinde Kopyala-Yapıştır Habercilik . Galatasaray Üniversitesi İletişim Dergisi , (33) , 5-31 . DOI: 10.16878/gsuilet.661144