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Bilinçli Farkındalık Temelli Mobil Meditasyon Uygulamaları ve Müzikal Deneyim: Meditopia Örneği

Year 2021, Volume , Issue 7, 85 - 108, 31.05.2021
https://doi.org/10.16878/gsuilet.942895

Abstract

Müzik ve meditasyon, insan yaşamında kuşatıcı bir deneyim sunmaktadır. Meditasyonun müzikle olan kuşatıcı devamlılığı, meditasyon pratiğinde uzun bir geçmişe sahiptir. Günümüzde modern kent yaşamında tinsel, rahatlatıcı, odaklanma, iyi olma halini artırıcı veya stresi azaltmayı amaçlayan meditasyon pratiklerine olan ilgi artmaktadır. Müzik ve sese odaklanan meditasyon uygulamalarına yönelik artan bu eğilim, teknolojiyi kullanan farkındalık tabanlı mobil meditasyon uygulamalarının yoğun kullanımı ile devam etmektedir. Bu noktada mobil meditasyon uygulamalarında kişiyi müziğe ve sese yönlendirerek yaratılan müzik deneyimi kritik, merkezi bir rol oynamaktadır. Bu çalışma, meditasyon uygulaması olan Meditopia pratiklerinde “soundscape” müziğin rolünü, ses ve müziğin kaynağı, vokal persona, ses ve ses ortamının tanımlayıcıları ile yetişkin meditasyon uygulamalarının ses ortam kalitesiyle ilişkisini incelemeyi amaçlamaktadır. Bu bağlamda, bu çalışmada görev bazlı gözlem ve derinlemesine görüşmeler yapılmıştır. Meditopia uygulamasını ilk kez kullanan ve İstanbul'da yaşayan 4'ü erkek 10'u kadın 14 katılımcı ile görüşmeler uzaktan video yöntemi ile gerçekleştirilmiştir. Çalışma, katılımcıların meditasyon uygulamalarında müzik ve sesi temel unsurlar olarak tanımladıklarını göstermiştir.

References

  • Aletta, F., Kang, J., & Axelsson, Ö. (2016). Soundscape descriptors and a conceptual framework for developing predictive soundscape models. Landscape and Urban Planning, 149, 65-74.
  • Bostock, S., Crosswell, A. D., Prather, A. A., & Steptoe, A. (2019). Mindfulness on-the-go: Effects of a mindfulness meditation app on work stress and well-being. Journal of occupational health psychology, 24(1), 127.
  • Chen, P. Y. (2004). The chant of the pure and the music of the popular: Conceptual transformations in contemporary Chinese Buddhist chants. Asian music, 35(2), 79-97.
  • Coleman, J. W. (2002). The new Buddhism: The western transformation of an ancient tradition. Oxford University Press.
  • Compson, J. (2014). Meditation, trauma and suffering in silence: Raising questions about how meditation is taught and practiced in Western contexts in the light of a contemporary trauma resiliency model. Contemporary Buddhism, 15(2), 274-297.
  • Cousins, L. S. (1996). The origins of insight meditation. In The Buddhist Forum (Vol. 4, pp. 35-58).
  • Daudén Roquet, C., & Sas, C. (2018, April). Evaluating mindfulness meditation apps. In Extended Abstracts of the 2018 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 1-6).
  • Davies, W. J., Adams, M. D., Bruce, N. S., Cain, R., Carlyle, A., Cusack, P., ... & Poxon, J. (2013). Perception of soundscapes: An interdisciplinary approach. Applied acoustics, 74(2), 224-231.
  • Derthick, K. (2014). Understanding meditation and technology use. In CHI'14 Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 2275-2280). Eberth, J., & Sedlmeier, P. (2012). The effects of mindfulness meditation: a meta-analysis. Mindfulness, 3(3), 174-189.
  • Farina, A. (2013). Soundscape ecology: principles, patterns, methods and applications. Springer Science & Business Media.
  • Flett, J. A., Hayne, H., Riordan, B. C., Thompson, L. M., & Conner, T. S. (2019). Mobile mindfulness meditation: a randomised controlled trial of the effect of two popular apps on mental health. Mindfulness, 10(5), 863-876.
  • Forbes, B. D., & Mahan, J. H. (Eds.). (2017). Religion and popular culture in America. University of California Press.
  • Gál, É., Ștefan, S., & Cristea, I. A. (2020). The efficacy of mindfulness meditation apps in enhancing users’ well-being and mental health related outcomes: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Journal of Affective Disorders.
  • Greene, P. D. (2004). The dhamma as sonic praxis: Paritta chant in Burmese Theravāda Buddhism. Asian music, 43-78.,
  • Greene, P. D., & Wei, L. (2004). Introduction: Mindfulness and change in Buddhist musical traditions. Asian Music, 35(2), 1-6.
  • Greene, P. D., Howard, K., Miller, T. E., Nelson, S. G., Nguyen, P. T., & Tan, H. S. (2004). Buddhism and the musical cultures of Asia: An annotated discography. Asian music, 35(2), 133-174.
  • Grossman, P., Niemann, L., Schmidt, S., & Walach, H. (2004). Mindfulness-based stress reduction and health benefits: A meta-analysis. Journal of psychosomatic research, 57(1), 35-43.
  • Hernandez-Ruiz, E., & Dvorak, A. L. (2020). Music and mindfulness meditation: Comparing four music stimuli composed under similar principles. Psychology of Music, 0305735620969798. Hernandez-Ruiz, E., & Dvorak, A. L. (2020a). Music and mindfulness meditation: Comparing four music stimuli composed under similar principles. Psychology of Music, 0305735620969798.
  • Hernandez-Ruiz, E., Dvorak, A. L., & Weingarten, K. (2020b). Music stimuli in mindfulness meditation: Comparison of musician and non-musician responses. Psychology of Music, 0305735620901338.
  • Hickey, W. S. (2010). Meditation as medicine: A critique. CrossCurrents, 60(2), 168-184.
  • Hölzel, B. K., Lazar, S. W., Gard, T., Schuman-Olivier, Z., Vago, D. R., & Ott, U. (2011). How does mindfulness meditation work? Proposing mechanisms of action from a conceptual and neural perspective. Perspectives on psychological science, 6(6), 537-559.
  • Hyland, T. (2017). McDonaldizing spirituality: Mindfulness, education, and consumerism. Journal of Transformative Education, 15(4), 334-356.
  • Kabat-Zinn, J. (2015). Mindfulness has huge health potential–but McMindfulness is no panacea. The Guardian, 20, 15.
  • Khoury, B., Sharma, M., Rush, S. E., & Fournier, C. (2015). Mindfulness-based stress reduction for healthy individuals: A meta-analysis. Journal of psychosomatic research, 78(6), 519-528.
  • Kuan, T. F. (2012). Cognitive operations in Buddhist meditation: Interface with Western psychology. Contemporary Buddhism, 13(1), 35-60.
  • Leman, M., & Maes, P. J. (2014). Music perception and embodied music cognition.
  • Lindahl, J. R., Fisher, N. E., Cooper, D. J., Rosen, R. K., & Britton, W. B. (2017). The varieties of contemplative experience: A mixed-methods study of meditation-related challenges in Western Buddhists. PloS one, 12(5), e0176239.
  • Mabbett, I. W. (1993). Buddhism and music. Asian music, 25(1/2), 9-28.
  • Mani, M., Kavanagh, D. J., Hides, L., & Stoyanov, S. R. (2015). Review and evaluation of mindfulness-based iPhone apps. JMIR mHealth and uHealth, 3(3), e82.
  • Meditopia. (2020). About, https://meditopia.com/en/about, Erişim 10 Kasım 2020.
  • Moore, A., & Malinowski, P. (2009). Meditation, mindfulness and cognitive flexibility. Consciousness and cognition, 18(1), 176-186.
  • Omiwole, M., Richardson, C., Huniewicz, P., Dettmer, E., & Paslakis, G. (2019). Review of mindfulness-related interventions to modify eating behaviors in adolescents. Nutrients, 11(12), 2917.
  • Rung, A. L., Oral, E., Berghammer, L., & Peters, E. S. (2020). Feasibility and acceptability of a mobile mindfulness meditation intervention among women: intervention study. JMIR mHealth and uHealth, 8(6), e15943.
  • Rusch, H. L., Rosario, M., Levison, L. M., Olivera, A., Livingston, W. S., Wu, T., & Gill, J. M. (2019). The effect of mindfulness meditation on sleep quality: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1445(1), 5.
  • Schafer, R. M. (1993). The soundscape: Our sonic environment and the tuning of the world. Simon and Schuster.
  • Steele, D. L., & Chon, S. H. (2007). A perceptual study of sound annoyance. Audio Mostly 2007, 9-24.
  • Stone, M. (2014). Abusing the Buddha: How the US Army and Google co-opt mindfulness. Salon, 3-4.
  • Urban, H. B. (2013). Zorba the Buddha: the body, sacred space, and late capitalism in the Osho International Meditation Resort. Southeast Review of Asian Studies, 35, 32-49.
  • Vidyarthi, J., Riecke, B. E., & Gromala, D. (2012, June). Sonic Cradle: designing for an immersive experience of meditation by connecting respiration to music. In Proceedings of the designing interactive systems conference (pp. 408-417).
  • Webrazzi. (2020). “Meditopia'nın da aralarında bulunduğu meditasyon uygulamaları Covid-19 döneminde de büyümeye devam ediyor”. https://webrazzi.com/2020/05/29/meditopia-nin-da-aralarinda-bulundugu-meditasyon-uygulamalari-covid-19-doneminde-de-buyumeye-devam-ediyor/, Erişim 10 Aralık 2020.
  • Wei, L. (1992). The duality of the sacred and the secular in Chinese Buddhist music: An introduction. Yearbook for traditional music, 81-90.
  • Weinstein, N. D. (1978). Individual differences in reactions to noise: a longitudinal study in a college dormitory. Journal of applied psychology, 63(4), 458.
  • Williams, J. M. G., & Kabat-Zinn, J. (2011). Mindfulness: diverse perspectives on its meaning, origins, and multiple applications at the intersection of science and dharma. Contemporary Buddhism, 12(1), 1-18.
  • Wilson, J. (2014). Mindful America: meditation and the mutual transformation of Buddhism and American culture. Oxford University Press.
  • Yu, L., & Kang, J. (2008). Effects of social, demographical and behavioral factors on the sound level evaluation in urban open spaces. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 123(2), 772-783.
  • Zeidan, F., Johnson, S. K., Diamond, B. J., David, Z., & Goolkasian, P. (2010). Mindfulness meditation improves cognition: Evidence of brief mental training. Consciousness and cognition, 19(2), 597-605.
  • Zuckerman, M., & Driver, R. E. (1989). What sounds beautiful is good: The vocal attractiveness stereotype. Journal of nonverbal behavior, 13(2), 67-82.

Applications de Méditation Mobiles Basées sur La Pleine Conscience et Expérience Musicale, Cas de Meditopia

Year 2021, Volume , Issue 7, 85 - 108, 31.05.2021
https://doi.org/10.16878/gsuilet.942895

Abstract

La musique et la méditation offrent une expérience immersive de la vie humaine. La continuité immersive de la méditation avec la musique a une longue histoire dans la pratique de la méditation. Aujourd'hui, dans la vie urbaine moderne, il y a un intérêt croissant pour les pratiques de méditation qui visent à être spirituelles, relaxantes, concentrées, améliorant le bien-être ou réduisant le stress. La tendance croissante aux pratiques de méditation axées sur la musique et le son se poursuit avec l'utilisation intensive d'applications de méditation mobiles basées sur la pleine conscience utilisant la technologie. À ce stade, l'expérience musicale créée dans les pratiques de méditation mobile en dirigeant statiquement l'individu vers la musique et le son joue un rôle central critique. Cette étude vise à mettre en évidence le rôle de la musique du paysage sonore dans les pratiques de Meditopia - étant une application de méditation - la source du son et de la musique, la personnalité vocale, les descripteurs du son et du paysage sonore et les pratiques de méditation des adultes en relation avec la qualité du paysage sonore. À cet égard, une observation basée sur les tâches et des entretiens approfondis ont été menés dans le cadre de cette étude. Les entretiens ont été réalisés avec 14 participants - 4 hommes et 10 femmes - qui utilisaient l'application Meditopia pour la première fois et résidant à Istanbul ont été interrogés via une méthode vidéo à distance. L'étude a montré que les participants définissaient la musique et le son comme des éléments essentiels de leur pratique de méditation.

References

  • Aletta, F., Kang, J., & Axelsson, Ö. (2016). Soundscape descriptors and a conceptual framework for developing predictive soundscape models. Landscape and Urban Planning, 149, 65-74.
  • Bostock, S., Crosswell, A. D., Prather, A. A., & Steptoe, A. (2019). Mindfulness on-the-go: Effects of a mindfulness meditation app on work stress and well-being. Journal of occupational health psychology, 24(1), 127.
  • Chen, P. Y. (2004). The chant of the pure and the music of the popular: Conceptual transformations in contemporary Chinese Buddhist chants. Asian music, 35(2), 79-97.
  • Coleman, J. W. (2002). The new Buddhism: The western transformation of an ancient tradition. Oxford University Press.
  • Compson, J. (2014). Meditation, trauma and suffering in silence: Raising questions about how meditation is taught and practiced in Western contexts in the light of a contemporary trauma resiliency model. Contemporary Buddhism, 15(2), 274-297.
  • Cousins, L. S. (1996). The origins of insight meditation. In The Buddhist Forum (Vol. 4, pp. 35-58).
  • Daudén Roquet, C., & Sas, C. (2018, April). Evaluating mindfulness meditation apps. In Extended Abstracts of the 2018 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 1-6).
  • Davies, W. J., Adams, M. D., Bruce, N. S., Cain, R., Carlyle, A., Cusack, P., ... & Poxon, J. (2013). Perception of soundscapes: An interdisciplinary approach. Applied acoustics, 74(2), 224-231.
  • Derthick, K. (2014). Understanding meditation and technology use. In CHI'14 Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 2275-2280). Eberth, J., & Sedlmeier, P. (2012). The effects of mindfulness meditation: a meta-analysis. Mindfulness, 3(3), 174-189.
  • Farina, A. (2013). Soundscape ecology: principles, patterns, methods and applications. Springer Science & Business Media.
  • Flett, J. A., Hayne, H., Riordan, B. C., Thompson, L. M., & Conner, T. S. (2019). Mobile mindfulness meditation: a randomised controlled trial of the effect of two popular apps on mental health. Mindfulness, 10(5), 863-876.
  • Forbes, B. D., & Mahan, J. H. (Eds.). (2017). Religion and popular culture in America. University of California Press.
  • Gál, É., Ștefan, S., & Cristea, I. A. (2020). The efficacy of mindfulness meditation apps in enhancing users’ well-being and mental health related outcomes: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Journal of Affective Disorders.
  • Greene, P. D. (2004). The dhamma as sonic praxis: Paritta chant in Burmese Theravāda Buddhism. Asian music, 43-78.,
  • Greene, P. D., & Wei, L. (2004). Introduction: Mindfulness and change in Buddhist musical traditions. Asian Music, 35(2), 1-6.
  • Greene, P. D., Howard, K., Miller, T. E., Nelson, S. G., Nguyen, P. T., & Tan, H. S. (2004). Buddhism and the musical cultures of Asia: An annotated discography. Asian music, 35(2), 133-174.
  • Grossman, P., Niemann, L., Schmidt, S., & Walach, H. (2004). Mindfulness-based stress reduction and health benefits: A meta-analysis. Journal of psychosomatic research, 57(1), 35-43.
  • Hernandez-Ruiz, E., & Dvorak, A. L. (2020). Music and mindfulness meditation: Comparing four music stimuli composed under similar principles. Psychology of Music, 0305735620969798. Hernandez-Ruiz, E., & Dvorak, A. L. (2020a). Music and mindfulness meditation: Comparing four music stimuli composed under similar principles. Psychology of Music, 0305735620969798.
  • Hernandez-Ruiz, E., Dvorak, A. L., & Weingarten, K. (2020b). Music stimuli in mindfulness meditation: Comparison of musician and non-musician responses. Psychology of Music, 0305735620901338.
  • Hickey, W. S. (2010). Meditation as medicine: A critique. CrossCurrents, 60(2), 168-184.
  • Hölzel, B. K., Lazar, S. W., Gard, T., Schuman-Olivier, Z., Vago, D. R., & Ott, U. (2011). How does mindfulness meditation work? Proposing mechanisms of action from a conceptual and neural perspective. Perspectives on psychological science, 6(6), 537-559.
  • Hyland, T. (2017). McDonaldizing spirituality: Mindfulness, education, and consumerism. Journal of Transformative Education, 15(4), 334-356.
  • Kabat-Zinn, J. (2015). Mindfulness has huge health potential–but McMindfulness is no panacea. The Guardian, 20, 15.
  • Khoury, B., Sharma, M., Rush, S. E., & Fournier, C. (2015). Mindfulness-based stress reduction for healthy individuals: A meta-analysis. Journal of psychosomatic research, 78(6), 519-528.
  • Kuan, T. F. (2012). Cognitive operations in Buddhist meditation: Interface with Western psychology. Contemporary Buddhism, 13(1), 35-60.
  • Leman, M., & Maes, P. J. (2014). Music perception and embodied music cognition.
  • Lindahl, J. R., Fisher, N. E., Cooper, D. J., Rosen, R. K., & Britton, W. B. (2017). The varieties of contemplative experience: A mixed-methods study of meditation-related challenges in Western Buddhists. PloS one, 12(5), e0176239.
  • Mabbett, I. W. (1993). Buddhism and music. Asian music, 25(1/2), 9-28.
  • Mani, M., Kavanagh, D. J., Hides, L., & Stoyanov, S. R. (2015). Review and evaluation of mindfulness-based iPhone apps. JMIR mHealth and uHealth, 3(3), e82.
  • Meditopia. (2020). About, https://meditopia.com/en/about, Erişim 10 Kasım 2020.
  • Moore, A., & Malinowski, P. (2009). Meditation, mindfulness and cognitive flexibility. Consciousness and cognition, 18(1), 176-186.
  • Omiwole, M., Richardson, C., Huniewicz, P., Dettmer, E., & Paslakis, G. (2019). Review of mindfulness-related interventions to modify eating behaviors in adolescents. Nutrients, 11(12), 2917.
  • Rung, A. L., Oral, E., Berghammer, L., & Peters, E. S. (2020). Feasibility and acceptability of a mobile mindfulness meditation intervention among women: intervention study. JMIR mHealth and uHealth, 8(6), e15943.
  • Rusch, H. L., Rosario, M., Levison, L. M., Olivera, A., Livingston, W. S., Wu, T., & Gill, J. M. (2019). The effect of mindfulness meditation on sleep quality: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1445(1), 5.
  • Schafer, R. M. (1993). The soundscape: Our sonic environment and the tuning of the world. Simon and Schuster.
  • Steele, D. L., & Chon, S. H. (2007). A perceptual study of sound annoyance. Audio Mostly 2007, 9-24.
  • Stone, M. (2014). Abusing the Buddha: How the US Army and Google co-opt mindfulness. Salon, 3-4.
  • Urban, H. B. (2013). Zorba the Buddha: the body, sacred space, and late capitalism in the Osho International Meditation Resort. Southeast Review of Asian Studies, 35, 32-49.
  • Vidyarthi, J., Riecke, B. E., & Gromala, D. (2012, June). Sonic Cradle: designing for an immersive experience of meditation by connecting respiration to music. In Proceedings of the designing interactive systems conference (pp. 408-417).
  • Webrazzi. (2020). “Meditopia'nın da aralarında bulunduğu meditasyon uygulamaları Covid-19 döneminde de büyümeye devam ediyor”. https://webrazzi.com/2020/05/29/meditopia-nin-da-aralarinda-bulundugu-meditasyon-uygulamalari-covid-19-doneminde-de-buyumeye-devam-ediyor/, Erişim 10 Aralık 2020.
  • Wei, L. (1992). The duality of the sacred and the secular in Chinese Buddhist music: An introduction. Yearbook for traditional music, 81-90.
  • Weinstein, N. D. (1978). Individual differences in reactions to noise: a longitudinal study in a college dormitory. Journal of applied psychology, 63(4), 458.
  • Williams, J. M. G., & Kabat-Zinn, J. (2011). Mindfulness: diverse perspectives on its meaning, origins, and multiple applications at the intersection of science and dharma. Contemporary Buddhism, 12(1), 1-18.
  • Wilson, J. (2014). Mindful America: meditation and the mutual transformation of Buddhism and American culture. Oxford University Press.
  • Yu, L., & Kang, J. (2008). Effects of social, demographical and behavioral factors on the sound level evaluation in urban open spaces. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 123(2), 772-783.
  • Zeidan, F., Johnson, S. K., Diamond, B. J., David, Z., & Goolkasian, P. (2010). Mindfulness meditation improves cognition: Evidence of brief mental training. Consciousness and cognition, 19(2), 597-605.
  • Zuckerman, M., & Driver, R. E. (1989). What sounds beautiful is good: The vocal attractiveness stereotype. Journal of nonverbal behavior, 13(2), 67-82.

Mindfulness-Based Mobile Meditation Applications and Musical Experience, Meditopia Case

Year 2021, Volume , Issue 7, 85 - 108, 31.05.2021
https://doi.org/10.16878/gsuilet.942895

Abstract

Music and meditation offer an immersive experience in human life. The immersive continuity of meditation with music has a long history in meditation practice. Today, in modern urban life, there is an increasing interest in meditation practices that aim to be spiritual, relaxing, focusing, well-being enhancing, or stress reducing. The growing trend toward meditation practices focused on music and sound continues with the heavy use of mindfulness-based mobile meditation apps using technology. At this point, the musical experience created in mobile meditation practices by statically directing the individual to music and sound plays a critical central role. This study aims to highlight the role of soundscape music in Meditopia, a meditation application. In this regard, task-based observation and in-depth interviews were conducted in this study. The interviews were completed with 14 participants-4 male and 10 female- using the Meditopia application for the first time and living in Istanbul were interviewed through a remote video method. The study showed that participants defined music and sound as core elements in their meditation practice.

References

  • Aletta, F., Kang, J., & Axelsson, Ö. (2016). Soundscape descriptors and a conceptual framework for developing predictive soundscape models. Landscape and Urban Planning, 149, 65-74.
  • Bostock, S., Crosswell, A. D., Prather, A. A., & Steptoe, A. (2019). Mindfulness on-the-go: Effects of a mindfulness meditation app on work stress and well-being. Journal of occupational health psychology, 24(1), 127.
  • Chen, P. Y. (2004). The chant of the pure and the music of the popular: Conceptual transformations in contemporary Chinese Buddhist chants. Asian music, 35(2), 79-97.
  • Coleman, J. W. (2002). The new Buddhism: The western transformation of an ancient tradition. Oxford University Press.
  • Compson, J. (2014). Meditation, trauma and suffering in silence: Raising questions about how meditation is taught and practiced in Western contexts in the light of a contemporary trauma resiliency model. Contemporary Buddhism, 15(2), 274-297.
  • Cousins, L. S. (1996). The origins of insight meditation. In The Buddhist Forum (Vol. 4, pp. 35-58).
  • Daudén Roquet, C., & Sas, C. (2018, April). Evaluating mindfulness meditation apps. In Extended Abstracts of the 2018 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 1-6).
  • Davies, W. J., Adams, M. D., Bruce, N. S., Cain, R., Carlyle, A., Cusack, P., ... & Poxon, J. (2013). Perception of soundscapes: An interdisciplinary approach. Applied acoustics, 74(2), 224-231.
  • Derthick, K. (2014). Understanding meditation and technology use. In CHI'14 Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 2275-2280). Eberth, J., & Sedlmeier, P. (2012). The effects of mindfulness meditation: a meta-analysis. Mindfulness, 3(3), 174-189.
  • Farina, A. (2013). Soundscape ecology: principles, patterns, methods and applications. Springer Science & Business Media.
  • Flett, J. A., Hayne, H., Riordan, B. C., Thompson, L. M., & Conner, T. S. (2019). Mobile mindfulness meditation: a randomised controlled trial of the effect of two popular apps on mental health. Mindfulness, 10(5), 863-876.
  • Forbes, B. D., & Mahan, J. H. (Eds.). (2017). Religion and popular culture in America. University of California Press.
  • Gál, É., Ștefan, S., & Cristea, I. A. (2020). The efficacy of mindfulness meditation apps in enhancing users’ well-being and mental health related outcomes: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Journal of Affective Disorders.
  • Greene, P. D. (2004). The dhamma as sonic praxis: Paritta chant in Burmese Theravāda Buddhism. Asian music, 43-78.,
  • Greene, P. D., & Wei, L. (2004). Introduction: Mindfulness and change in Buddhist musical traditions. Asian Music, 35(2), 1-6.
  • Greene, P. D., Howard, K., Miller, T. E., Nelson, S. G., Nguyen, P. T., & Tan, H. S. (2004). Buddhism and the musical cultures of Asia: An annotated discography. Asian music, 35(2), 133-174.
  • Grossman, P., Niemann, L., Schmidt, S., & Walach, H. (2004). Mindfulness-based stress reduction and health benefits: A meta-analysis. Journal of psychosomatic research, 57(1), 35-43.
  • Hernandez-Ruiz, E., & Dvorak, A. L. (2020). Music and mindfulness meditation: Comparing four music stimuli composed under similar principles. Psychology of Music, 0305735620969798. Hernandez-Ruiz, E., & Dvorak, A. L. (2020a). Music and mindfulness meditation: Comparing four music stimuli composed under similar principles. Psychology of Music, 0305735620969798.
  • Hernandez-Ruiz, E., Dvorak, A. L., & Weingarten, K. (2020b). Music stimuli in mindfulness meditation: Comparison of musician and non-musician responses. Psychology of Music, 0305735620901338.
  • Hickey, W. S. (2010). Meditation as medicine: A critique. CrossCurrents, 60(2), 168-184.
  • Hölzel, B. K., Lazar, S. W., Gard, T., Schuman-Olivier, Z., Vago, D. R., & Ott, U. (2011). How does mindfulness meditation work? Proposing mechanisms of action from a conceptual and neural perspective. Perspectives on psychological science, 6(6), 537-559.
  • Hyland, T. (2017). McDonaldizing spirituality: Mindfulness, education, and consumerism. Journal of Transformative Education, 15(4), 334-356.
  • Kabat-Zinn, J. (2015). Mindfulness has huge health potential–but McMindfulness is no panacea. The Guardian, 20, 15.
  • Khoury, B., Sharma, M., Rush, S. E., & Fournier, C. (2015). Mindfulness-based stress reduction for healthy individuals: A meta-analysis. Journal of psychosomatic research, 78(6), 519-528.
  • Kuan, T. F. (2012). Cognitive operations in Buddhist meditation: Interface with Western psychology. Contemporary Buddhism, 13(1), 35-60.
  • Leman, M., & Maes, P. J. (2014). Music perception and embodied music cognition.
  • Lindahl, J. R., Fisher, N. E., Cooper, D. J., Rosen, R. K., & Britton, W. B. (2017). The varieties of contemplative experience: A mixed-methods study of meditation-related challenges in Western Buddhists. PloS one, 12(5), e0176239.
  • Mabbett, I. W. (1993). Buddhism and music. Asian music, 25(1/2), 9-28.
  • Mani, M., Kavanagh, D. J., Hides, L., & Stoyanov, S. R. (2015). Review and evaluation of mindfulness-based iPhone apps. JMIR mHealth and uHealth, 3(3), e82.
  • Meditopia. (2020). About, https://meditopia.com/en/about, Erişim 10 Kasım 2020.
  • Moore, A., & Malinowski, P. (2009). Meditation, mindfulness and cognitive flexibility. Consciousness and cognition, 18(1), 176-186.
  • Omiwole, M., Richardson, C., Huniewicz, P., Dettmer, E., & Paslakis, G. (2019). Review of mindfulness-related interventions to modify eating behaviors in adolescents. Nutrients, 11(12), 2917.
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Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Yaşar ŞEKERCİ (Primary Author)
GALATASARAY ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-2574-7843
Türkiye

Publication Date May 31, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume , Issue 7

Cite

APA Şekerci, Y. (2021). Mindfulness-Based Mobile Meditation Applications and Musical Experience, Meditopia Case . Galatasaray Üniversitesi İletişim Dergisi , İleti-ş-im Özel Sayı: 7 , 85-108 . DOI: 10.16878/gsuilet.942895

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